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Wright Bros Flyer B / CH / C Hydroplane / M-1 / G Aeroboat

wright-b-replica
replica
 
The Model B is the first Wright Engine produced in quantity. The major modifications were the use of a more powerful engine and elevons instead of the wing warping feature. First Wright use of a true rear elevator and last of the open-frame tail boom models. At College Park, Md., in Oct 1911, a Wright "B" was used for the first military trials of a bombsight and bomb-dropping device.
 
Frank Coffyn used a B as the first to fly under the Brooklyn and Manhattan bridges in 1912, which became a popular diversion with other pilots until city authorities finally slammed the lid on their fun.
 
In Mexico, General Francisco Villa had purchased six Wright B biplanes to equip an aviation component of his Division del Norte, hiring six American pilots to fly them. Some missions were flown before three of the aircraft were destroyed, the remaining three being captured.
 

Produced, as well, in civil seaplane versions as B-1 with two steel and aluminum-alloy pontoons, and -2 with a single, large float in 1913.The Wright B-1 seaplane version of the model B went in production in 1910.

 
Wright-B1
Wright B-1

 

The Army planes were AS3 and AS4, and also went to USN in 1911 in hydroplane form as AH-4 (B1), -5 and -6. One of three early U.S. Navy hydroplanes serial B-1 to B-3, renumbered AH-4 to AH-6. B-2 caused the first fatality in U.S. naval aviation.
 
Wright-CH-01
 
On June 20, 1913, Ensign W. D. Billingsley, while piloting the B-2 at 1,600 feet over water near Annapolis, Maryland, was thrown from the plane and fell to his death. Admiral John Henry Towers, also unseated in the turbulence, was nearly killed in the same accident as he clung to the plane and fell with it into the water, receiving serious injuries.  The Clemson-class destroyer USS Billingsley (DD-293) was named in his honor.
 
WrightFlyerB-01
Wright B Stepped floats 1913
 
The 1912 model C was similar to the Model B, with a 50hp Wright 6-60 pusher engine. Featuring dual controls, seven went to the US Army as the M-1 (AS7, AS10-14, and AS16]. Civil production as the Model C featured 4-cyl motor.
 
 Wright-C-01
Wright C in the factory
 
The Grover Loening designed Aeroboat of 1913 looked like a standard Model C with the undercarriage replaced by a small boat. The engine was mounted forward of the cockpit in the aluminum hull. The 60hp Wright engine driving two pusher props. One model G was built in 1913 and one in 1914 for the USN as AH-19.
 
 Wright-G-01
Wright G

 

 Wright-CH-02
Wright CH

 

 

Engine: Rausenberger 8-Cyl., 74 hp
Wingspan: 41.995 ft / 12.8 m
Length: 30.151 ft / 9.19 m
Height: 9.35 ft / 2.85 m
Max take off weight: 1400.2 lb / 635.0 kg
Max. speed: 39 kts / 72 km/h
Endurance: 2 h
Crew: 2
 
B, B-1, -2, -3
Engine: Wright 4, 30-35 hp
Wingspan: 39' 0"
Length: 26'0" - 31' 0"
Speed: 45 mph
Crew: 2
 
C / M-1
 Engine: 50hp Wright 6-60
 Wingspan: 38'0"
 Length: 29'9"
 Speed: 45 mph
 
G / Aeroboat
 Engine: 60hp Wright
Props: 2
Seats: 2
 
 
 
 
 

 

 


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