Wedell-Williams Model 44
Experienced air-racer Jimmy Wedell formed a business partnership in 1929 with millionaire Harry P. Williams after giving him flying lessons. Initial plans were to teach flying, provide an aerial photography service and win an airmail contract. Wedell's passion for air racing led him to convince Williams to build a racer for the January, 1930 Miami Air Races.
This first aircraft was named "We-Will" but as development and testing continued it became apparent it would not be ready for the 1930 Miami event. Wedell halted development of the "We-Will" design and began a new aircraft, the "We-Winc".
In parallel to the development of the We-Winc, Wedell began the construction of a third aircraft, the "We-Will Jr." This aircraft first appeared in the Cirrus Derby held in Detroit on July 21 but the design proved to be underpowered. Further development with improved aerodynamics, numerous technical innovations and a Hamilton Standard ground adjustable propeller radically changed the aircraft's appearance. Incorporated into the design were the wheel spats that would be an iconic feature of the future racers. It was a typical construction with a braced, low-wing monoplane utilizing fixed landing gear in large spats. This version was however also underpowered. In development and in competition this version, by now dubbed "Model 22" proved to be a disappointment and further development was abandoned.
By 1931, Wedell had turned his attention back to the original We-Will and after a rebuild using the lessons learned in building the We-Winc and the We-Will Jr. attained an acceptable level of performance. First flwn on 12 January 1930 (NR54Y), this version was named the "Model 44". When mated with a Pratt & Whitney Wasp Jr. engine, the design's true potential began to be realized. That year, on 13 June, the "44" placed second at the New Orleans National Air Races.
Soon after the '31 Nationals, Wedell began rebuilding the 44 and the We-Winc as well as taking a contract to build a Model 44 for Roscoe Turner. On the second test flight of Turner's Model 44(NR54Y), the left wing experienced a structural failure and was destroyed in the ensuing crash. Flown on its test flight by Jimmy Wedell and seemed to perform very well. When he took it up again later that day for a high-speed low pass, aileron buzz caused a wing to flutter, then snap the flying wires and fold the wing. Wedell had designed the plane to have independent aileron control, so he held full aileron against the roll while pitching up for altitude and bleeding off speed, then pushed himself out of the cockpit. His 'chute opened fully just as he touched down at the end of the field. After this incident, the assistance of Howard Barlow, an aeronautical engineer, was obtained in the redesign of the wings. The second Turner racer (NR536V) was built with the new wing design and proved to be an exceptional performer. The other two Model 44s (#92 NR61Y, #121, #57, #2 NR278V - #44, #91) were rebuilt according to the new wing specification as test pilots had noted wing vibrations in both aircraft previously.
NR61Y, Roscoe Turner's Model 44
These three aircraft went on to dominate air racing for the next several years. Model 44s were raced in 1932, 1933 and 1934 Bendix Trophy races, as well as the 1934 Thompson and Shell Trophy. In September 1933 at the International Air Race in Chicago, the 44 piloted by Wedell set the new world speed record of 305.33 miles per hour.
NR61Y was built in Patterson, Louisiana, 1932. It had a NACA cowl housing a Pratt & Whitney R-985. Roscoe Turner flew it to California for the start of the 1932 Bendix race in an unpainted condition. His mechanic, Don Young, not only built it, but painted it literally just prior to racetime. The colors for that racing season were the famous silvery creme with red and black trim, and race #121.
Nicknamed the "Gilmore Red Lion," Turner flew it to third place behind Jim Haizlip in the Wedell-Williams #92 and Jimmy Wedell in #44. Turner placed third in the Thompson Trophy, trailing Jimmy Doolittle in the Gee Bee R-1 and Jimmy Wedell in #44.
In 1933, after spending a morning avoiding a process server at Floyd Bennett Field in New York, Turner, in disguise as a mechanic, managed to get into the cockpit and fly to first place in the Bendix — but only sixth in the Thompson. For the Nationals, NR61Y sported a whitewashed #2 atop the sparkly gold paint of the fuselage, while the wings retained the creme, red, and black Gilmore scheme.
Three replica Model 44s are on display at the Louisiana State Museum, Patterson, Louisiana.
Miss New Orleans
Roscoe Turner Racer
Engine: 1 × Pratt & Whitney R-1690-S1C3G, 1,020 hp (760 kW)
Propeller: 2-bladed Hamilton Standard ground adjustable, Curtiss adjustable or Smith adjustable propeller
Wingspan: 26 ft 3 in (8.0 m)
Wing area: 107.9 sq ft (10.02 m2)
Airfoil: M-10 (modified)
Length: 23 ft 0 in (7.01 m)
Height: 8 ft 1 in (2.46 m)
Empty weight: 1,702 lb (772 kg)
Gross weight: 2,677 lb (1,214 kg)
Maximum speed: 325 mph (523 km/h; 282 kn)
Range: 900 mi (782 nmi; 1,448 km)
Service ceiling: 14,000 ft (4,267 m)
Wing loading: 24.83 lb/sq ft (121.2 kg/m2)
Model 44 (1932)
Gross Weight 3892 lb Empty Weight 2492 lb
Span 26 ft 2 in Length (overall) 21 ft 3 in
Powerplant P & W Wasp (500 hp) Powerplant (1933) P & W Wasp T3D1 (800 hp)
Max Speed 304.98 mph
Wedell Williams Model 44 Racing History
Thompson: 2nd Place, Jimmy Wedell, 227.992 mph
1932 Thompson: 2nd Place, Jimmy Wedell, 242.496 mph, #44 Miss Patterson 3rd Place, Roscoe Turner, 233.042 mph, #121 Gilmore Racer 4th Place, James Haizlip, 231.300 mph, #92 Miss New Orleans
Bendix: Burbank to Cleveland 1st Place, James Haizlip, 8:19:45 #92 Miss New Orleans 2nd Place, Jimmy Wedell, 8:47:31 #44 Miss Patterson 3rd Place, Roscoe Turner, 9:02:25 #121 Gilmore Racer
Speed Record: Burbank to NYC: Haizlip 10:19
1933 Thompson: 1st Place, Jimmy Wedell, 237.952 mph, #44 2nd Place, Lee Gehlbach, 224.947 mph, #92 Disqualified (cut pylon), Roscoe Turner
Bendix: New York City to Los Angeles 1st Place, Roscoe Turner, 11:30:00 2nd Place, Jimmy Wedell, 11:58:18 DNF, Lee Gehlbach
1934 Thompson: 1st Place, Roscoe Turner, 248.129 mph 3rd Place, J.A.Worthen , 208.376 mph DNF, Doug Davis
Bendix: Los Angeles to Cleveland 1st Place, Doug Davis, 9:26:41
1935 Thompson: 6th Place, Roscoe Turner, 188.859 mph
Bendix: Los Angeles to Cleveland 2nd Place, Roscoe Turner, 8:33:39
1936 Bendix: New York to Los Angeles Crashed, Roscoe Turner
1937 Thompson: DNF, Joe Mackey
Bendix: Los Angeles to Cleveland 6th Place, Joe Mackey
1938 Thompson: 5th Place, Joe Mackey, 249.628 mph
1939 Thompson: 6th Place, Joe Mackey, 232.926 mph