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Tupolev Tu-114

tu-114


The Tu-114 Rossiya (Russia) was developed with a civilian fuselage and the wings and engines of the Tu-20 bomber, codenamed ‘Bear’ by NATO.

 

Tup-Tu-114

 

The Tu-114 flew for the first time on 3 October 1957 and remained the world’s largest and heaviest commercial aircraft until the introduction of the Boeing 747. The prototype Tu-114, named Rossiya (Russia) to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the 1917 Revolution, established a large number of speed, height and distance records with payloads of up to 66,216lb (30,035 kg).

The first public appearance was at the 1959 Paris Airshow.

 

Tu-114-3

 

On April 9, 1960 Tu-114 set the world speed record with 25000kg payload on a 5000 km circuit at 877.212kph.

The production versions entered Aerofllot service since 1961. Seating 170 on internal services or 120 on intercontinental routes, the Tu-114 proved fast and reliable and operated Moscow-Havana, Moscow-Delhi, Moscow-Montreal and Moscow-Tokyo services until replaced by the four-jet Ilyushin Il-62 from 1967. Many speed and altitude with payload records set by the Tu-114 stood for many years. Its final retirement on international routes came in 1969, and the last domestic services were flown in 1973.

 

Tu-114-2


About 30 Tu-114s were built and about 10 surviving Tu-114s were retired and converted to Tu-126 ‘Moss’ configuration as airborne early warning platforms for the Soviet air force.

Engines: 4 x Kuznetsov NK-12MV turboprop, 14,795 eshp / 11033kW
Props: 8 ft 41 in (5.60 m) diameter 8-blade contra rotating
Wing span: 167 ft 8 in (51.10 m)
Length: 177 ft 6 in (54.10m)
Height: 15.5 m / 51 ft 10 in
Wing area: 3,349 sq ft (311.1sq.m)
Empty weight: 91000 kg / 200622 lb
Gross weight: 376,990 lb (171,000 kg)
Max cruising speed: 478 mph (770 km/h) at 29,500 ft (9,000m)
Range: 3,850 miles (6,200km) with max payload of 66,140 lb (30,000 kg)
Ceiling: 12000 m / 39350 ft
Accommodation: Crew of 10-15 (Incl cabin staff) and 120-220 passengers

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Tupolev Tu-114

 

 

 


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