Taylorcraft E-2 Cub
Taylor E-2 Prototype NC10547 with C G Taylor and company pilot Bud Havens
Taylor first built a glider that looked like a small Breezy and the E‑2 Cub evolved from towing that glider behind a car up and down the Bradford runway.
Designed by C. Gilbert Taylor in 1930 and produced as the Taylor E‑2 Cub in 1931, much of the inspiration and many of the design goals for the airplane came from W.T. Piper, Sr. Taylor selected the U.S.A.‑35B airfoil for the Cub. This airfoil had a reputation for providing favorable flying qualities at low speeds; all subsequent Cubs. The E‑2 was open‑air except for a windshield and had squared‑off wingtips and tail surfaces. The tandem cockpit of the E‑2 was without side windows, but a young man named Waiter Jamouneau, subsequently chief engineer and now a vice president at Piper, designed optional sliding side windows and a door arrangement that remain features of the Super Cub.
Reliable lightplane engines were virtually nonexistent when the E‑2 was designed. For the first E‑2, Taylor found a two‑cylinder engine of 20 horsepower. It was known as the Brownbach Tiger Kitten, and the name reportedly inspired the E‑2 to be called the Cub. The plane handled fine on its first flight (in September 1930) but on 20 hp didn't get too high‑five feet, actually The new Taylor E-2, now known as the “Cub,” was meant to be an affordable aircraft that would encourage interest in aviation and was awarded its type certificate on July 11, 1931 and licensed by the U.S. Department of Commerce for manufacture..
Twenty-two Taylor E-2 Cubs were sold during 1931, retailing for $1,325; by 1935, sales had increased to more than 200 E-2 Cubs.
A 45 hp, nine-cylinder French Salmson AD-9 was tried: its performance was spectacular, but it was too expensive.
Continental provided the solution with the A 40, a "40 hp" flat four that actually produced 37 hp. The E 2 was certified with this engine on June 15, 1932 and was put on the market for $1,325, or $1,495 with optional 40hp Aeromarine AR-3 engine, or $895 less motor.
Taylor E-2 NC14346 with AR-3 engine
Unfortunately, the early Continentals were giving trouble, for the engine company was using the Cubs as test beds. One of Piper's five children, Tony, said that he rarely got more than 20 miles per forced landing. Sales to people who wanted to fly longer between stops were, naturally, a little sluggish. There was a frustrating period before Continental improved the A 40 during which Taylor actually started designing his own engine.
Continental added dual ignition and cured the annoyances of blowing head gaskets and breaking crankshafts.
Taylor E-2 NC15370 with A-40 engine
Sales reflected the improvements, and 351 E 2s were produced between 1931 and 1936.Fourteen under (2-358) and 337 under (455).
The company was always sensitive to customer desires, and in 1936, Taylor introduced a refined Cub in order to incorporate design improvements as well as suggestions from the field. A young man named Walter Jamouneau was given the job of improving the E‑2 resulting in the Piper J‑2.
Taylor E 2 Cub
Engine: Continental A 40, 36 hp
Length: 23 ft 3 in / 6.78 m
Wingspan: 35 ft 3 in / 10.74 m
Weight empty: 959.2 lb / 435.0 kg
Max speed: 74 kts / 137 km/h / 80 mph
Cruise speed: 68 mph
Stall: 28 mph
Range: 173 nm / 320 km