With an airframe fundamentally similar to that of the R-36, the R-37 differed primarily in having a close cowled 1100hp Gnome-Rhone 14N-21 14-cylinder radial engine. Cooling air reached the engine via a narrow annulus, was mixed with exhaust gases and ejected through two groups of nozzles to provide some thrust augmentation.
The proposed armament consisted of four 7.7mm or two 13.2mm machine guns mounted in the wings.
Although the R-37 was displayed statically at the Salon de Bruxelles in July 1939, no attempt had been made to fly this prototype before the German occupation of Belgium in May 1940. The R-37 was discovered at Evere by the occupation forces and a Luftwaffe pilot - possibly unaware that the aircraft had not previously been flown - flew the aircraft to Beauvechain. There is no record of any subsequent flight testing, although it is known that the R-37 was taken to Germany. Prior to the German occupation, Alfred Renard had prepared a project for a two-seat version, the R-37B, for use as a ground attack aircraft.
Max take-off weight: 2460 kg / 5423 lb
Empty weight: 1810 kg / 3990 lb
Wingspan: 11.64 m / 38 ft 2 in
Length: 8.40 m / 28 ft 7 in
Height: 2.90 m / 10 ft 6 in
Wing area: 20.00 sq.m / 215.28 sq ft
Max. speed: 510 km/h / 317 mph