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PZL Mielec MD-12


One of the P.Z.L. Mielec early postwar projects was the P.Z.L. Mielec MD-12 short-range light transport, the first of several prototypes flying initially during August 1959.

A cantilever low-wing monoplane of all-metal construction, it had retractable tricycle landing gear and was powered by four Narkiewicz WN-3 radial engines in wing-mounted nacelles. Accommodation was provided for a flight crew of two on a separate flightdeck, and the main cabin could accommodate 20 passengers or, when cleared of its easily-removed seating, up to 1900kg of cargo.

Only four aircraft, including one four static trials, were built: 1st prototype SP-PAL, 2nd SP-PBD and the 4th was MD-12F SP-PBL prototype, the one that survived in Krakow Museum.

The MD-12 did not progress beyond the prototype stage, but a photographic survey version was produced in small numbers. Designated MD-12F, and first flown in prototype form on 21 July 1962, this had its internal accommodation arranged for a crew of up to seven, providing four camera positions and a darkroom at the rear of the cabin. Plans was cancelled after the fatal crash of the first MD-12 prototype


Engines: 4 x Narkiewicz WN-3, 246kW
Wingspan: 23.2 m / 76 ft 1 in
Length: 15.8 m / 52 ft 10 in
Height: 5.95 m / 20 ft 6 in
Wing area: 57.0 sq.m / 613.54 sq ft
Max take-off weight: 7000 kg / 15432 lb
Loaded weight: 5025 kg / 11078 lb
Max. speed: 305 km/h / 190 mph
Ceiling: 5200 m / 17050 ft
Range w/max.fuel: 2100 km / 1305 miles
Crew: 2
Passengers: 20


PZL Mielec MD-12


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