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PZL P.38 Wilk

pzl-p38


Conceived as a multirole aircraft: reconnaissance, light bomber, dive bomber (with a single 300 kg bomb under the fuselage), and interceptor, and designed by a team led by Franciszek Misztal, the Wilk (Wolf) was intended primarily as an attack fighter with secondary escort and intercept tasks.

Of all-metal construction, the Wilk was projected with the indigenous P.Z.L.Foka (Seal) eight-cylinder inverted-Vee air-cooled engine, the proposed armament consisting of one 20mm Wz 38 cannon and twin 7.92mm Wz 36 machine guns in the nose, and twin 7.92mm guns on a flexible mounting for the second crew member.

Difficulties in development of the Foka engine led to the first prototype, the P.38/I, being fitted with two 500hp Ranger SGV-770B 12-cylinder engines. Their actual power output was reportedly only 330 hp. This aircraft flew in April 1938, the second prototype, PZL-38/II, with 620hp Foka engines not flying until January 1939. The planned maximum power was 420-450 hp. The actual power output is not precisely known, but believed not to exceed some 360 hp. In the meantime, a more refined development of the basic design, the P.48 Lampart (Leopard) powered by 700hp Gnome-Rhone 14M Mars radials, had succeeded the Wilk in future planning, but prototypes had yet to be completed at the time of the German invasion of Poland.

P.38/I
Engines: two 500hp Ranger SGV-770B
Wingspan: 11.05 m / 36 ft 3 in
Length: 8.35 m / 27 ft 5 in
Height: 2.50 m / 8 ft 2 in
Wing area: 20.4 sq.m

P.38/II
Engines: two 620hp Foka
Wingspan: 11.05 m / 36 ft 3 in
Length: 8.35 m / 27 ft 5 in
Height: 2.50 m / 8 ft 2 in
Wing area: 20.4 sq.m
Max take-off weight: 2800 kg
Empty weight: 2156 kg
Max speed: 400 km/h
Range: 1250 km / 777 miles

pzl-p38-ld

PZL P.38 Wilk

 

 


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