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PZL P.38 Wilk

pzl-p38


Conceived as a multirole aircraft: reconnaissance, light bomber, dive bomber (with a single 300 kg bomb under the fuselage), and interceptor, and designed by a team led by Franciszek Misztal, the Wilk (Wolf) was intended primarily as an attack fighter with secondary escort and intercept tasks.

Of all-metal construction, the Wilk was projected with the indigenous P.Z.L.Foka (Seal) eight-cylinder inverted-Vee air-cooled engine, the proposed armament consisting of one 20mm Wz 38 cannon and twin 7.92mm Wz 36 machine guns in the nose, and twin 7.92mm guns on a flexible mounting for the second crew member.

Difficulties in development of the Foka engine led to the first prototype, the P.38/I, being fitted with two 500hp Ranger SGV-770B 12-cylinder engines. Their actual power output was reportedly only 330 hp. This aircraft flew in April 1938, the second prototype, PZL-38/II, with 620hp Foka engines not flying until January 1939. The planned maximum power was 420-450 hp. The actual power output is not precisely known, but believed not to exceed some 360 hp. In the meantime, a more refined development of the basic design, the P.48 Lampart (Leopard) powered by 700hp Gnome-Rhone 14M Mars radials, had succeeded the Wilk in future planning, but prototypes had yet to be completed at the time of the German invasion of Poland.

 

Only two prototypes of this Polish fighter-bomber developed in 1937 were built.
 
PZL-38-01
 

 

P.38/I
Engines: two 500hp Ranger SGV-770B
Wingspan: 11.05 m / 36 ft 3 in
Length: 8.35 m / 27 ft 5 in
Height: 2.50 m / 8 ft 2 in
Wing area: 20.4 sq.m

P.38/II
Engines: two 620hp Foka
Wingspan: 11.05 m / 36 ft 3 in
Length: 8.35 m / 27 ft 5 in
Height: 2.50 m / 8 ft 2 in
Wing area: 20.4 sq.m
Max take-off weight: 2800 kg
Empty weight: 2156 kg
Max speed: 400 km/h
Range: 1250 km / 777 miles

pzl-p38-ld

PZL P.38 Wilk

 

 


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