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North American F-100 Super Sabre

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F-100F

 

First of the "Century fighters", the prototype F-100 flew on 25 May 1953 piloted by George Welch. Powered by a Pratt & WhitneyJ57 turbojet and augmented by an after­burner, it flew faster than sound on its maiden flight.
 
Two YF-100 were built, 52-5754 and 52-5755.
 
NA-YF100-01
YF-100A

Originally known as the "Sabre 45", because of its 45-degree swept wing, the F-100 is a completely new design and was the first U.S.A.F. operational aircraft to fly supersonic in level flight. In very large-scale production as standard U.S.A.F. day fighter in 1955. Established World Speed Record of 755.15 mph on 29 October 1953.

 

The whole F-100 structure is immensely strong and rigid; so much so that assembly jigs are rendered unnecessary, the parts being simply put together. The wing interior is largely taken up by huge forgings, machined into honeycombs or grids; some of the outer skins are machined from sheet of no less than 3in original thickness. There was talk of the aircraft being made by Commonwealth (Australia) and Canadair.

The initial production version was the F-100A, a single-seat day fighter powered by a 43.15kN J57-P-7 or P-39 engine. Armament comprised four 20mm M-39E cannon plus external stores on six under-wing hardpoints.

 

NA-F100A
F-100A Super Sabre


By May 1954, the U.S.A.F. had accepted delivery of a fair number of F-100As, but some had already been damaged or written-off in accidents. The height of the rudder had been reduced by some 18in and a corresponding amount added to the fin. The F-100 lands at nearly 180 mph. There are no landing flaps, but the ventral airbrake can be used on the approach.

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North American F-100A Super Sabre

 

The F-100A production model first flew on 29 October 1951. 203 of the F-100A and RF-100A were built, the last 35 having an 11,700 lb threust J57-P. The RF-100A was a photo-reconnaissance conversion of the F-100A with a deeper camera-carrying front fuselage.
 
NA-RF100A-01
RF-100A 53-2600

 

The F-100C appeared in 1954 as a single-seat fighter bomber with strengthened wings, up to 3,402kg of bombs on eight underwing hardpoints, in-flight refuelling capability and 75.62kN (with afterburning) Pratt & Whitney J57-P-21A turbojet engine.

The similar F-100D introduced design refinements, including a taller fin, and could be armed with four Sidewinder or two Bullpup missiles, or 3,402kg of external weapons in addition to its standard four 20mm cannon.

The final version built was the F-100F, a lengthened tandem two-seat operational trainer and tactical attack aircraft, armed with two 20mm cannon and capable of carrying 2,722kg of external stores.

The F-100 established a world speed record in 1955 at 822.135 mph.

Operation Julius Caesar, involving the first flight by jet fighter aircraft over the North Pole, was conducted on 7 August 1959 with the landing of two USAF F-100F fighters at Eielson, Alaska AFB, southeast of Fairbanks, Alaska. The flight from Wethersfield, Essex, was completed in 9 hr 37 min.

 

Gallery


F-100
Engine: 1 x P+W J-57-P-21 turbo-jet, 66.7kN
Max  take-off weight: 12700 kg / 27999 lb
Empty weight: 9500 kg / 20944 lb
Wingspan: 11.6 m / 38 ft 1 in
Length: 14.3 m / 46 ft 11 in
Height: 4.9 m / 16 ft 1 in
Wing area: 35.8 sq.m / 385.35 sq ft
Max. speed: 1216 km/h / 756 mph
Ceiling: 15250 m / 50050 ft
Range: 920 km / 572 miles
Armament: 4 x 20mm machine-guns, 2720kg of bombs and missiles
Crew: 1

North American F 100 Super Sabre
Engine: Pratt & Whitney J-57-P-21A, 75645 N
Length: 46.982 ft / 14.32 m
Height: 14.665 ft / 4.47 m
Wingspan: 38.747 ft / 11.81 m
Max take off weight: 34839.0 lb / 15800.0 kg
Max. speed: 751 kt / 1390 km/h
Service ceiling: 45013 ft / 13720 m
Range: 1304 nm / 2415 km
Crew: 1
Armament: 4 mg. 3402 kg bombs 

 

F-100A Super Sabre
Engine: 10,000 lb. thrust Pratt & Whitney J57-P-7 turbojet, with afterburner.
Wingspan: 36 ft. 7 in
Length: 45 ft. 3 in
Loaded weight: approx. 27,000 lb.
Max. speed: over 760 m.p.h.
Ceiling: over 50,000 ft.
Range: over 1,000 miles.
Armament: 4x20 mm cannon,
Crew: 1.

F-100F
Engine: Pratt & Whitney J57
Wing span: 11.8m
Seats: 2

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North American F-100 Super Sabre

 

 


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