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Nakajima Ki-8


Although the Imperial Navy had discarded the two-seat fighter requirement that had resulted in the NAF-1 and -2, western developments in this category of aircraft stimulated some interest on the part of the Army to which, in 1933, Nakajima offered an advanced company-funded two-seat fighter project. Designed by Shigejiro Owada and Toshio Matsuda, and assigned the designation Ki-8 by the Army, the aircraft was an all-metal low-wing cantilever monoplane with a monocoque fuselage and spatted cantilever fixed undercarriage. Powered by a Nakajima Kotobuki 3 engine rated at 710 hp for take-off and carrying an armament of two fixed forward-firing 7,7-mm guns and one 7,7-mm gun on a flexible mount, the Ki-8 was conceptually advanced and five proto-types were built between March 1934 and May 1935. Army evaluation revealed stability and other problems, and although these were subsequently rectified, doubts concerning the practicability of the two-seat fighter concept led to the discontinuation of further development.



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