Main Menu

Morane-Saulnier Rallye 800 / MS.880 Rallye / MS.892 Commodore / MS.893 Rallye

 

SOCATA Rallye
Waco Minerva

 

 

ms-880-gt
Rallye 180GT


The Morane-Saulnier M.S.880, an all-metal low-wing monoplane with retractable landing gear, designed for a French Government competition seeking a popular everyman’s aircraft. It was first called the Rallye 800, powered by a 90-horse Continental, at a price of US$5,750. It first flew on 10 June 1959 and was then produced in a number of variants.

 

The first French mass-produced all-metal light touring aircraft. The landing gear is a fixed tricycle, the cockpit has a large sliding canopy. Rectangular wings use a laminar flow airfoil. The entire leading edge is fitted with an automatically operating slats, each wing interconnected to prevent dissymmetry of lift. These open at slow speed and close at high speed. Wing flaps are manually controlled. Ailerons are fitted with automatic tabs. The Super Rallye and Rallye Commodore four seats and the Rallye Club two-three seats,
 
 Morane-MS893-01
 
MS.890M
Engines have included:
Continental O-200-A, 100 hp
Continental O-300-A or -B, 145 hp
Potez 4 E 20, 105 hp
Potez 4 E 30, 115 hp

 

MS-Rallye

 

In 1965 the company became a subsidiary of Sud-Aviation, which in 1966 created its SOCATA lightplane subsidiary that became part of Aérospatiale. In 1979 the SOCATA product line was redesignated, and the Rallye series was renamed. Thus, the Rallye 110ST two-seat trainer with the 82-kW (110-hp) O-235-L2A engine, became the Galopin; the Rallye 180T glider tug with the 134-kW (180-hp) O-360-A3A became the Galerien, and the Rallye 235GT high-performance STOL four-seater with the O-540 became the Gabier with options of tricycle or tailwheel landing gear. These major models were complemented by other variants with Franklin or Rolls-Royce/Continental engines.

All models share basically the same airframe: corrosion-proofed monocoque fuselage, slotted Fowler flaps and automatic full-span leading edge slats.

 

 MS890-02
MS.890M

 

The Rallye 235 was equipped with a non-steerable nose-wheel. The automatic full-span leading-edge slats are a key to Rallye performance. They are out at takeoff; later on, they stow themselves. The slats promote smooth flow over the wing at low speeds and help maintain lateral control by giving the ailerons some breeze with which to work. They are not effective in lowering stall speed, but they do increase the stalling angle of attack, which combines with more effective lateral control to make operat-ing the airplane with minimum margins more comfortable.

Almost 30 civil-standard Rallyes of various models were delivered for military use as trainers and liaison aircraft. R.235 Guerrier Based on the successful Rallye touring aircraft, the armed Guerrier can carry up to 340kg of stores on four underwing Alkan 663 pylons. Weapons options include machine-gun pods, rocket pods, light bombs, and flares. Also available is a surveillance pack containing a TV camera and transmitter for relaying images direct to ground units. Side-by-side seating and dual controls allow the aircraft to be used as a trainer, and a stretcher can be carried for casevac missions.

Customers (1987): Guerrier El Salvador 6, Rwanda 2, Senegal 4.

In France SOCATA flew the pro-totype of an agricultural version of the Rallye on 16 May 1977. Designated Rallye 235 CA Agricole, it was available with a variety of dusting/ spraying equipment that could be removed easily for the aircraft to fly as a two-seat lightplane when the spraying season was over.

Certification of the MS 880B and MS 885 came under Direction Generale L’Aviation Civile France 13, and the MS 893E and Rallye 235E under Direction Generale L’Aviation Civile France 22.

All the Rallyes were built, flown and certificated by French authorities in Tarbes, France. Those destined for the U.S. are disassembled, their engines are pickled, and the airplanes are packaged, two to a ship container, and floated to Wilmington, North Carolina or Norfolk, Virginia. Rallye Aircraft Corporation, an Aerospatiale subsidiary reassemble, finish and paint the airplanes. Each must then be certificated by the FAA.

Rallye Aircraft has taken a tricycle-gear airplane and moved the third wheel from front to back. The new taildragger is the Rallye 235C, which, except for its landing gear and stick control, is a copy of the Rallye 235GT, a four-place, canopy-top touring machine pulled by 235 hp Lycoming. But the need for short landings usually comes in conjunction with rough, unpaved landing sites. The older Rallye, with its nose gear and small-diameter mains, is only marginally suitable off-pavement, whereas the 235C, with conventional wheel placement and large 8.00 x 6 main tires is more suitable. Control sticks are centered before each front seat, and the 235C has two throttles.

Waco Aircraft [2] was founded in 1966 to build SF.260 (as Waco Meteor), and Socata Rallye Commodore (as Waco Minerva).
 
 waco-min
Waco Minerva 220
 
French production of the Rallye series stopped in the 1970s and PZL took it over (as the PZL-110), along with all production licences.

 

Gallery

 

Rallye
Engine: Continental C-90, 90hp
Seats: 2
MTOW: 1,280‑lb
Cruise: 115 mph
Endurance: 4 hr
 
MS.880B Club / Rallye 110 T
Engine: Continental O-200, 100 hp
Empty weight: 992 lb
MAUW: 1695 lb
Max speed: 121 mph
Cruise: 109 mph
Stall: 47 mph
ROC: 550 fpm
Seats: 2-3
Price 1964: $6988-$7684
 
MS.881 Rallye
Engine: Potez 4 E 20, 105 hp
Number built: 12
 
MS.883 Rallye
Engine: Lycoming, 115 hp
Number built: 77
 
MS.885 Super Rallye
Engine: Continental O-300C, 145 hp
Empty weight: 1100 lb
MAUW: 1875 lb
Max speed: 135 mph
Cruise: 124 mph
Stall: 51 mph
Seats: 3-4
Number built: 212
 
MS.886 Super Rallye
Engine: Lycoming O-320-E, 150 hp
Number built: 3
 
MS.890 Rallye Commodore
Engine: Continental O-300C, 145 hp
Empty weight: 1190 lb
MAUW: 2200 lb
Max speed: 133 mph
Cruise: 121 mph
Stall: 56 mph
ROC: 630 fpm
Seats: 4
 
MS.890M
Engine: 145hp
TO run: 390 ft
Ldg roll: 250 ft
ROC: 750 fpm
Cruise: 124 mph
 
110ST Galopin
Engine: Lycoming O-235-L2A, 112 hp
Cruise 65%: 85 kts
Max cruise: 128 mph / 111 kt
Endurance 65%: 4 hr 33 min
Stall: 46mph/40 kt
Useful load: 570 lbs
ROC: 542 fpm
T/O roll: 430 ft
Ldg roll: 290 ft
 
Rallye 150 GT
Engine: Lycoming O-320-E2A, 150 hp
 
150ST
Aerobatic
T/O roll: 420 ft
Ldg roll: 390 ft
Max X-wind: 20 kt
 
160ST
Aerobatic
T/O roll: 420 ft
Ldg roll: 390 ft
Stall: 51 mph/45 kt
Max cruise: 137 mph / 119 kt
ROC: 800 fpm
 
155SV Garnement
Engine: Lycoming O-320-D2A, 160 hp
Cruise 65%: 100 kts
Endurance 65%: 3 hr
Stall: 49-44 kt
Useful load: 720 lbs
ROC: 768 fpm.
 
180T Galerien
Engine: Lycoming O-360-A3A,134-kW (180-hp)
Seats: 2
T/O roll: 380 ft
Ldg roll: 410 ft
Stall: 54 mph/ 48 kt
Max cruise: 140 mph / 122 kt
ROC: 890 fpm
 
180GT
Engine: Lycoming O-360-A2A, 180 hp
Wingspan: 31 ft 6.25 in / 9.61 m
Length: 23 ft 9 in / 7.24 m
Empty wt: 1257 lb / 570 kg
MTOW: 2315 lb / 1050 kg
Fuel cap: 48 Imp. Gal
Max ldg wt: 2305 lb
Max cruise 75% 5000ft/1525m: 139 mph / 121 kt / 224 kph
T/O roll: 445 ft
Ldg roll: 410 ft
Stall: 57 mph/ 50 kt
ROC: 787 fpm / 240 m/min
Service ceiling: 11,150 ft / 3400 m
Range: 512 nm / 590 mi / 950 km
Max X-wind: 20 kt
Cabin length: 7 ft 4 in / 2.25 m
Cabin width: 3 ft 8.5 in / 1.13 m
Seats: 4
 
 
Rallye 125
1972
Engine: Lycoming O-235-F2A, 125 hp
Seats: 4
 
Rallye 220 GT
Engine: Franklin 6A-350-C1, 220 hp
 
Rallye 235C
Engine: Lycoming O‑540‑B4B5, 235 hp
TBO: 2,000 hrs
Prop: 2‑blade, constant‑speed
Length: 24 ft
Wingspan: 32 ft
Wing area: 132 sq.ft
Height: 7 ft 7 in
Max takeoff weight: 2,645 lbs
Standard empty weight: 1,466 lbs
Max useful load: 1,179 lbs
Wing loading: 20 lb/sq.ft
Power loading: 11.3 lb/hp
Max usable fuel: 65 USG/390 lb
Max rate of climb, sea level: 970 fpm
Max rate of climb, 8,000 feet: 4155 fpm
Max operating attitude: 14,800 ft
Max speed (sea level): 148 kts
Cruise, 65 % power at 8,000 ft: 125 kts
Fuel flow at 65 % power: 12.9USG/hr
Endurance at 65% power, no res: 5 hrs
Stalling speed, clean: 59 kts
Stalling speed, flaps down: 54 kts
Max ramp weight: 2645 lbs
Turbulent‑air penetration speed: 113 kts
 
R.235 Guerrier
 
R.235GT Gabier
Engine: Lycoming O‑540‑B4B5, 235 hp
TBO: 2,000 hrs
Prop: 2‑blade, constant‑speed, 80‑in. dia.
Length: 23 ft. 9 in
Height: 9 ft. 2 in
Wingspan: 31 ft. 11 in
Wing area: 132 sq. ft
Wing loading: 20 lb/sq.ft
Power loading: 11.2 lb/hp
Seats: 4
Empty wt: 1,568 lb
Useful load: 1,072 lbs
Payload with full fuel: 622 lbs
Gross wt: 2,640 lbs
Usable fuel cap: 71 USG/426 lbs
Maximum rate of climb: 970 fpm
Service ceiling: 14,800 ft
Maximum speed: 148 kts
Max cruise, 75 % pwr at 6,000 ft: 131 kts
Econ cruise 65 % pwr at 10,000 ft: 127 kts
Duration at max cruise: 5.4 hrs
Duration at econ cruise: 6.2 hrs
Stalling speed, clean: 59 kts
Stalling speed, full flaps: 56 kts
T/O roll: 490 ft
Ldg roll: 425 ft
Max X-wind: 25 kt
 
MS.893E Rallye 108GT
Engine: Lycoming, 180 hp
Prop: CSU
Seats: 4
 
Waco Minerva 220
Engine: Franklin, 220 hp
Seats: 4

 

 MS890-01
MS.890M

 

 MS-Rallye-01
Rallye 220GT

 

 

 

 

 

 


Copyright © 2021 all-aero. All Rights Reserved.
Joomla! is Free Software released under the GNU General Public License.