Main Menu

Morane-Saulnier Rallye 800 / MS.880 Rallye

ms-880-gt
Rallye 180GT


The Morane-Saulnier M.S.880, an all-metal low-wing monoplane with retractable landing gear, designed for a French Government competition seeking a popular everyman’s aircraft. It was first called the Rallye 800, powered by a 90-horse Continental, at a price of US$5,750. It first flew on 10 June 1959 and was then produced in a number of variants.

 

MS-Rallye

 

In 1965 the company became a subsidiary of Sud-Aviation, which in 1966 created its SOCATA lightplane subsidiary that became part of Aérospatiale. In 1979 the SOCATA product line was redesignated, and the Rallye series was renamed. Thus, the Rallye 110ST two-seat trainer with the 82-kW (110-hp) O-235-L2A engine, became the Galopin; the Rallye 180T glider tug with the 134-kW (180-hp) O-360-A3A became the Galerien, and the Rallye 235GT high-performance STOL four-seater with the O-540 became the Gabier with options of tricycle or tailwheel landing gear. These major models were complemented by other variants with Franklin or Rolls-Royce/Continental engines.

All models share basically the same airframe: corrosion-proofed monocoque fuselage, slotted Fowler flaps and automatic full-span leading edge slats.

The Rallye 235 was equipped with a non-steerable nose-wheel. The automatic full-span leading-edge slats are a key to Rallye performance. They are out at takeoff; later on, they stow themselves. The slats promote smooth flow over the wing at low speeds and help maintain lateral con-trol by giving the ailerons some breeze with which to work. They are not effective in lower-ing stall speed, but they do increase the stall-ing angle of attack, which combines with more effective lateral control to make operat-ing the airplane with minimum margins more comfortable.

Almost 30 civil-standard Rallyes of various models were delivered for military use as trainers and liaison aircraft. R.235 Guerrier Based on the successful Rallye touring aircraft, the armed Guerrier can carry up to 340kg of stores on four underwing Alkan 663 pylons. Weapons options include machine-gun pods, rocket pods, light bombs, and flares. Also available is a surveillance pack containing a TV camera and transmitter for relaying images direct to ground units. Side-by-side seating and dual controls allow the aircraft to be used as a trainer, and a stretcher can be carried for casevac missions.

Customers (1987): Guerrier El Salvador 6, Rwanda 2, Senegal 4.

In France SOCATA flew the pro-totype of an agricultural version of the Rallye on 16 May 1977. Designated Rallye 235 CA Agricole, it was avail-able with a variety of dusting/ spraying equipment that could be removed easily for the aircraft to fly as a two-seat lightplane when the spraying season was over.

Certification of the MS 880B and MS 885 came under Direction Generale L’Aviation Civile France 13, and the MS 893E and Rallye 235E under Direction Generale L’Aviation Civile France 22.

All the Rallyes were built, flown and certificated by French au-thorities in Tarbes, France. Those destined for the U.S. are disassembled, their engines are pick-led, and the airplanes are packaged, two to a ship container, and floated to Wilmington, North Carolina or Norfolk, Virginia. Rallye Air-craft Corporation, an Aerospatiale subsidiary reassemble, finish and paint the airplanes. Each must then be cer-tificated by the FAA.

Rallye Aircraft has taken a tricycle-gear airplane and moved the third wheel from front to back. The new taildragger is the Rallye 235C, which, except for its landing gear and stick control, is a copy of the Rallye 235GT, a four-place, canopy-top touring machine pulled by 235 hp Lycoming. But the need for short landings usually comes in conjunction with rough, unpaved landing sites. The older Rallye, with its nose gear and small-diameter mains, is only marginally suitable off-pavement, whereas the 235C, with conventional wheel placement and large 8.00 x 6 main tires is more suitable. Control sticks are centered before each front seat, and the 235C has two throttles.

French production of the Rallye series stopped in the 1970s and PZL took it over (as the PZL-110), along with all production licences.

Rallye
Engine: Continental C-90, 90hp
Seats: 2
MTOW: 1,280-lb
Cruise: 115 mph
Endurance: 4 hr

MS.880B
Engine: Continental O-200, 100 hp

Club
Engine: 100 hp

110ST Galopin

Engine: Lycoming O-235-L2A, 112 hp
Cruise 65%: 85 kts
Max cruise: 128 mph / 111 kt
Endurance 65%: 4 hr 33 min
Stall: 46mph/40 kt
Useful load: 570 lbs
ROC: 542 fpm
T/O roll: 430 ft
Ldg roll: 290 ft

150ST
Aerobatic
T/O roll: 420 ft
Ldg roll: 390 ft
Max X-wind: 20 kt

160ST
Aerobatic
T/O roll: 420 ft
Ldg roll: 390 ft
Stall: 51 mph/45 kt
Max cruise: 137 mph / 119 kt
ROC: 800 fpm

155SV Garnement
Engine: Lycoming O-320-D2A, 160 hp
Cruise 65%: 100 kts
Endurance 65%: 3 hr
Stall: 49-44 kt
Useful load: 720 lbs
ROC: 768 fpm.

180T Galerien

Engine: Lycoming O-360-A3A, 134-kW (180-hp)
Seats: 2
T/O roll: 380 ft
Ldg roll: 410 ft
Stall: 54 mph/ 48 kt
Max cruise: 140 mph / 122 kt
ROC: 890 fpm

180GT
Engine: Lycoming O-360, 180 hp
Empty wt: 1315 lb
MTOW: 2314 lb
Fuel cap: 48 Imp. Gal
Max ldg wt: 2305 lb
T/O roll: 445 ft
Ldg roll: 410 ft
Stall: 57 mph/ 50 kt
Max cruise: 150 mph / 130 kt
ROC: 760 fpm
Max X-wind: 20 kt

Rallye 235C

Engine: Lycoming O-540-B4B5, 235 hp
TBO: 2,000 hrs
Prop: 2-blade, constant-speed
Length: 24 ft
Wingspan: 32 ft
Wing area: 132 sq.ft
Height: 7 ft 7 in
Max takeoff weight: 2,645 lbs
Standard empty weight: 1,466 lbs
Max useful load: 1,179 lbs
Wing loading: 20 lb/sq.ft
Power loading: 11.3 lb/hp
Max usable fuel: 65 USG/390 lb
Max rate of climb, sea level: 970 fpm
Max rate of climb, 8,000 feet: 4155 fpm
Max operating attitude: 14,800 ft
Max speed (sea level): 148 kts
Cruise, 65 % power at 8,000 ft: 125 kts
Fuel flow at 65 % power: 12.9USG/hr
Endurance at 65% power, no res: 5 hrs
Stalling speed, clean: 59 kts
Stalling speed, flaps down: 54 kts
Max ramp weight: 2645 lbs
Turbulent-air penetration speed: 113 kts

R.235 Guerrier

R.235GT Gabier
Engine: Lycoming O-540-B4B5, 235 hp
TBO: 2,000 hrs
Prop: 2-blade, constant-speed, 80-in. dia.
Length: 23 ft. 9 in
Height: 9 ft. 2 in
Wingspan: 31 ft. 11 in
Wing area: 132 sq. ft
Wing loading: 20 lb/sq.ft
Power loading: 11.2 lb/hp
Seats: 4
Empty wt: 1,568 lb
Useful load: 1,072 lbs
Payload with full fuel: 622 lbs
Gross wt: 2,640 lbs
Usable fuel cap: 71 USG/426 lbs
Maximum rate of climb: 970 fpm
Service ceiling: 14,800 ft
Maximum speed: 148 kts
Max cruise, 75 % pwr at 6,000 ft: 131 kts
Econ cruise 65 % pwr at 10,000 ft: 127 kts
Duration at max cruise: 5.4 hrs
Duration at econ cruise: 6.2 hrs
Stalling speed, clean: 59 kts
Stalling speed, full flaps: 56 kts
T/O roll: 490 ft
Ldg roll: 425 ft
Max X-wind: 25 kt

MS.893E Rallye 108GT

Engine: Lycoming, 180 hp
Prop: CSU
Seats: 4

 

 


Copyright © 2017 all-aero. All Rights Reserved.
Joomla! is Free Software released under the GNU General Public License.