Morane-Saulnier MS.760 Paris
In January 1953 Morane-Saulnier flew the prototype M.S.755 Fleuret, a two-seat jet trainer which competed with the Fouga Magister for an air force order. The Fleuret lost the competition, but its design formed the basis of the Morane-Saulnier M.S.760 Paris which, designed primarily as a high-speed liaison aircraft, can be considered as a forerunner of the executive jet. MoraneSaulnier developed the Fleuret into a four‑seat light communications aircraft by enlarging the cabin, increasing the internal fuel capacity and strengthening the airframe.
The Turboméca Mabore II powered first prototype, MS.760-01 F‑WGVO (then F-BGVO), was flown on 29 July 1954, and interest shown by the French military authorities resulted in orders for 50 for the air force and navy on 18 July 1956, the initial production example designated M.S.760A, flying on 27 February 1958. Fitted with tip tanks, this type was delivered as the Paris IR to the Armée de l'Air and the Aeronavale.
Two basic models will be manufactured in series. The MS 760A Paris I (one hundred and fifty built), and MS 760B Paris II (sixty-three built). The dates of the first flight respectively, February 27, 1958 and December 12, 1960.
Orders were received for 109 civil and military use, 12 MS.760A sets of components were supplied to Argentina for assembly at the Fabrica Militar de Aviones (FMA) factory in Cordoba, followed by production of 36 more. The 760 MS was purchased by Argentina in May 1957. Forty-eight Paris were operated by the Fabrica Militar de Aviones Cordoba. The first shipped to Argentina was Paris I No. 3, on 1 May 1958. By February 1959, twenty-six complete aircraft had crossed the Atlantic in separate shipments.
MS 760 of Argentina
Brazil acquired 30 for liaison, photographic survey and training. A first order of eight Paris II for Brazil was signed February 19, 1960 with twenty other options. In total, Brazil assembled forty-eight Paris II, mainly for the Air Force.
The first Paris was delivered to the Air Force as a training and liaison aircraft on 27 February 1958. The Naval Aviation were to receive a small number for the same missions as the Air Force. On a training mission, it can be armed with two 7.5mm machine guns plus four rockets or two bombs of 50 kg fixed under the wing.
At the end of 1958 the College of Aeronautics, Cranfield, received an MS.760 (No. 8) for practical demonstrations. Two were sold in the U.S., and one in Iran (delivered on 15 July.1958).
The initial production version was superseded in 1961 by the M.S.760B Paris II with 10581bst / 480kg thrust Marbore VI turbojets and various systems improvements and integral fuel tanks in wing leading edges.
When production ended in 1964 a total of 156 aircraft of the two series had been built, including 48 assembled in Argentina.
In 1969, four MS 760A were registered in France and many 760B, one registered in Italy and seven in Holland. Seven Paris II were purchased to train airline pilots at the Eelde school in Holland, the first being delivered September 14, 1962.
The final version was the 1963 Marbore VI-powered M.S.760C Paris III, with an enlarged wing but without tip tanks, plus increased fuel in a redesigned fully integral cabin fuselage accommodating five or six passengers, and a car-type door on port side instead of a sliding canopy. It was also fitted with an air system for cabin and pressurisation bled from the turbojet (SEMCA automatic air-conditionning system). The sole prototype, F WLKL, flew for the first time on 28 February 1964 but the variant did not find favour as a business jet and proceeded no further. Only one aircraft built, F-BLKL.
Paris III F-BLKL / 366 (cn 01)
MS 760B Paris II
Engines: 2 x Turbomeca Marboré VI, 480 kgf
Engines: 2 x Turbomeca Marbore IIC turbojets, 400kg