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Morane-Saulnier MS.224 / MS.225


Shortly after the initiation of M.S.223 flight testing, the entire Jockey fighter concept was adjudged a failure and, with the inhibitions imposed by the chasseur leger programme removed, Morane-Saulnier developed a larger and heavier fighter, the M.S.224, which entered flight test in 1931. Based on experience with the preceding prototypes, the M.S.224 retained the mixed structure (dural spars and wooden ribs) of the earlier aircraft for the wing, mating this with a metal-andfabric covered dural fuselage, the ovoid cross section of which was widened to the near-circular. Wing area was increased by 1.00sq.m to 17.00sq.m, and loaded weight was raised to 1400kg. Powered by a Gnome-Rhone 9Asb, the M.S.224 attained 303km/h during trials. A modified version, the M.S.225, was adopted by the Aviation Militaire (to become the Armee de l'Air in 1934) as an interim fighter pending availability of more advanced aircraft meanwhile called for by the 1931 C1 programme. The M.S.225 differed from the M.S.224 primarily in having a fully-cowled Gnome-Rhone 9Kdrs engine of 500hp. Armed with two 7.7mm guns, 74 M.S.225s were delivered during 1933-34. Of these, 55 were supplied to the Aviation Militaire (one being fitted with a 690hp Hispano-Suiza 12Xcrs engine with a 20mm cannon mounted between the cylinder banks and flown as a test-bed under the designation M.S.227), 16 to the Marine Nationale and three were exported to China. The last M.S.225 fighters were phased out of first-line service during 1938.

Max take-off weight: 1590 kg / 3505 lb
Empty weight: 1154 kg / 2544 lb
Wingspan: 10.56 m / 34 ft 8 in
Length: 7.25 m / 23 ft 9 in
Height: 3.26 m / 10 ft 8 in
Wing area: 17.20 sq.m / 185.14 sq ft
Max. speed: 334 km/h / 208 mph
Range: 700 km / 435 miles
Ceiling: 9500 m


Morane-Saulnier M.S.224-225



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