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Morane-Saulnier I


The Type I single-seat fighter was fundamentally a Type N re-engined with a 110 hp Le Rhóne 9J nine-cylinder rotary and stemmed from interest evinced by Maj-Gen Trenchard in a more powerful version of the basic aircraft and an order placed in January 1916 on behalf of the RFC for one aircraft. Twelve more were ordered during the following March when the first example was flown for the first time. The Type I was intended to have a single 7,7-mm Lewis gun with French Alkan synchronising mechanism. but the four examples supplied to the RFC mid-July 1916 were fitted with a centrally-mounted Vickers gun. No additional Type I fighters were supplied to the RFC as, meanwhile, it had been overtaken by the similarly-powered, but extensively redesigned Type V which afforded greater endurance, and the Type I was not adopted by the Aviation Militaire.

Max speed, 104 mph (168 km/h) at sea level
Time to 6,560 ft (2 000 m), 6.75 min
Endurance, 1.33 hrs
Empty weight, 736 lb (334 kg)
Loaded weight, 1,124 lb (510 kg)
Span, 27 ft 04 in (8,24 m)
Length, 19 ft 1 in (5,81 m)
Height, 8 ft 24 in (2,50 m)
Wing area, 1184 sq ft (11,00 sq.m)

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