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Mikoyan-Gurevich Mig-35

The Mikoyan MiG-35 (Russian: Микоян МиГ-35; NATO reporting name: Fulcrum-F) is a Russian multirole fighter that is designed by Mikoyan, a division of the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC). Marketed as a 4++ generation jet fighter, it is a further development of the MiG-29M/M2 and MiG-29K/KUB fighters.
The MiG-35 is powered by two FADEC RD-33MK Morskaya Osa (Russian: Морская Оса, literally: "Sea Wasp" or Chironex fleckeri) turbofans. The RD-33MK a highly improved variant of the Klimov RD-33 turbofan and was intended to power the MiG-29K and MiG-29KUB. It has 7% more power compared to the baseline model due to the use of modern materials in the cooled blades, providing a higher thrust of 9,000 kgf. In response to earlier criticism, the new engines are smokeless and include systems that reduce infrared and optical visibility. The engines may be fitted with thrust vectoring nozzles, which would result in an increase in combat efficiency by 12% to 15%, according to manufacturer claims.
The RD-33OVT engine variant comes with thrust vectoring nozzles, and can direct thrust in two axis.
The MiG-35 has a glass cockpit equipped with night-vision goggles, an additional display for the optical locator system, and a 3-equal-size color LCD multi-function display. The second-seat version of the MiG-35, the MiG-35D, has 4 LCD displays in its rear cockpit. The MiG-35D uses a tandem cockpit while single-seat versions of the MiG-35 uses the rear cockpit to store extra fuel, while retaining a two-seat canopy.
The MiG-35 is to be equipped with the new Phazotron Zhuk-A/AE active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar, the first radar of this kind installed on a Russian fighter aircraft. The Phazotron Zhuk-A/AE AESA radar offers a wider range of operating frequencies, providing better resistance to electronic countermeasures (ECMs), extended detection range and more air and ground targets detected. The FGA-35 radar type, featured 688 mm antenna and 1016 T/R modules (originally planned 1064) with initial stage performance of a 200 km detection range for 3m2 RCS target. Later detection range was raised up to 250 km. It can track up to 30 targets at any time, engaging up to 6 air targets at once, or 4 ground targets at once.
For detection of targets in the infrared spectrum, the MiG-35 is equipped with the OLS-UEM (13SM-1) electro-optical targeting station with lookdown capability against ground, sea and air targets. Its forward-looking infrared (FLIR) sensor is capable to detect airborne threats up to 55 km and provides coverage in azimuth of +/- 90-degree and +60-degree to −15-degree in elevation. There is also the OLS-K/OLS-KE podded electro-optical targeting system mounted under the right engine nacelle. It is designed to search, detect and track ground and sea targets. The system consists of infrared sensor and TV camera and is capable to detect ground targets up to 20 km and sea targets up to 40 km.
To protect the aircraft against current and future surface-to-air (SAM) missiles, the MSP-418KE compact active jammer pod can be mounted on any of the aircraft nine hardpoints.
The first prototype was a modification of the aircraft that previously served as a MiG-29M2 model demonstrator.
The single-seat version is designated MiG-35S and the two-seat version MiG-35UB. The fighter has vastly improved avionics and weapon systems, notably new precision-guided targeting capability and the uniquely designed optical locator system, which relieves the aircraft from relying on ground-controlled interception systems and enables it to conduct independent multirole missions. There is also an option for AESA radar.
First flying on 7 February 2007, Russia unveiled the MiG-35 at the 2007 Aero India air show in Bangalore, amid Moscow's keenness to sell these planes to India. The MiG-35 was ousted from the contest in April 2011.
In May 2013, it was reported that Russia intended to order 37 aircraft. However, in August 2013, the Russian Defense Ministry reported that the purchase worth 37 billion rubles ($1.1 billion) will be delayed until 2016 due to the spending cuts in the state arms program for 2014–2016. The state tests of the MiG-35 was to begin in 2017 with completion in mid-2018 after the serial production of the aircraft would started.
During 2016, first two pre-production aircraft were in active phase of construction at the Production Center No.1 in Lukhovitsy. Both aircraft were delivered at the end of the year.
In July 2017, during the MAKS 2017 International Aviation and Space Salon, the Russian Defence Ministry agreed it will buy 24 MiG-35s as a part of the new state armament program for 2018–2027, although 37 aircraft were previously planned. Six out of the 24 MiG-35s will replace the aging MiG-29s of the Russian aerobatic team Swifts.
On 22 August 2018, during the International Military-Technical Forum «ARMY-2018», the first contract for six MiG-35s was signed.
By April 2010, pictures and additional information surfaced of two new MiG-35 demonstrators, the single-seat MiG-35 "961" and the two-seat MiG-35D "967". According to Russian media, they first flew in autumn of 2009, and subsequently took part in MMRCA trials in India in October 2009. Both have a very high commonality with the previous MiG-29K/KUB airframes, an immediate visible difference being the braking parachute installed in place of the hook, present on the naval aircraft. Subsequently, the MiG-35D "967" appears to have been equipped with a similar AESA radar as fitted to the older MiG-35 demonstrator "154", identifiable by the dark grey short nose radome.
On 6 September 2016, according to the general designer of the United Aircraft Corporation Sergei Korotkov, first MiG-35s were to be delivered in November 2016 to the Russian Air Force for flight testing to confirm the technical characteristics of the aircraft. First of the two aircraft, single-seat MiG-35 "702" made its first flight on 24 November 2016, followed by double-seater MiG-35UB "712" in December 2016.
On 28 January 2017, MiG officially demonstrated one of the two pre-production aircraft, MiG-35UB "712", to the Russian government, followed by subsequent demonstration for export customers on the next day. The newly presented MiG-35 showed to be a bit different with the one unveiled in 2007, the aircraft allegedly lacked the AESA radar as well as thrust vectoring control, supposedly to keep procurement cost low to attract foreign customer.


In February 2017, it was announced a contract was signed to build another two aircraft that would join the testing.
In February 2018, MiG Aircraft Corporation announced that it had completed factory trials of the MiG-35, the certificate of the trials completion having been signed in December 2017. In May 2018, head of the United Aircraft Corporation Yuri Slyusar reported, state trials of the MiG-35 had begun. In April 2019, another MiG-35UB "11", first took off to join the testing. This is first of the two additional pre-production aircraft for which contract was signed in February 2017.
On 17 June 2019, Russian Aerospace Forces has received first two serial MiG-35S fighters, marking the introduction of the variant into service.


The MiG-35/MiG-35D incorporate advancements of the MiG-29K/KUB and MiG-29M/M2 fighters in combat efficiency enhancement, universality and operational characteristics improvement. The main features of the new design are the fifth-generation information-sighting systems, compatibility with Russian and foreign weapons applications and an integrated variety of defensive systems to increase combat survivability. The new overall design overtakes the design concepts of the baseline model and enables the new aircraft to conduct full-scale multirole missions as their western counterparts.
New avionics includes the Phazotron Zhuk-AE active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar, the RD-33MK engines and the newly designed optical locator system, OLS-35. The number of weapon stations has increased to 10, flight range has increased by 50%, and radar visibility has been reduced.
The final configuration of the MiG-35's onboard equipment has been left open intentionally using the MIL-STD-1553 bus. Weight load 7 tons (twice the weight load of the MiG-29).
United Aircraft Corporation subsidiary Russian Aircraft Corporation (RAC) MiG developed an export-oriented variant of its Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-35 multirole combat aircraft (MCA), which was unveiled at the MAKS 2019 aerospace show held in Zhukovskiy close to Moscow from 27 August to 1 September.
The MiG-35 export version is a 4++ generation MCA “made using some fifth-generation aircraft technologies”. The platform has been fitted with a nose-mounted radar with an active electronically scanned array (AESA), as well as an electro-optical search-and-track system installed under the fuselage for employment against land targets.
The upgraded MiG-35 has a maximum take-off weight of 24,500 kg and is powered by two 9,000 hp RD-33MK afterburning jet engines, producing a top speed of 2,100 km/h and a service ceiling of 16,000 m. “The platform also features a modular design, allowing integration of new electronic subsystems, including of foreign origin,”. Installation of a PAZ-MK refueling pod allows the platform to be employed as a tactical aerial tanker.
The MiG-35 export version has received a Russian-designed helmet-mounted target designation system and head-up display. Its armament suite comprises RVV-AE air-to-air, Kh-35UE anti-ship, and Kh-38MLE air-to-surface missiles, KAB-500 guided bombs, and various free-fall bombs.
According to the General Director of Mikoyan, Ilya Tarasenko, a carrier-based version of the MiG-35 was under development. The Radioelectronic Technologies Concern (KRET) has already adapted a new landing system to the BINS-SP-2 deck for the MiG-35.
Single-seat variant
Engines: 2 × Klimov RD-33MK afterburning turbofan engines, 53 kN (12,000 lbf) thrust each dry, 88.3 kN (19,900 lbf) with afterburner
Wingspan: 12 m (39 ft 4 in)
Length: 17.3 m (56 ft 9 in)
Height: 4.73 m (15 ft 6 in)
Wing area: 38 m2 (410 sq ft)
Empty weight: 11,000 kg (24,251 lb)
Gross weight: 17,500 kg (38,581 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 29,700 kg (65,477 lb)
Maximum speed at altitude: 2,400 km/h (1,500 mph, 1,300 kn)
Maximum speed at sea level: 1,450 km/h (900 mph; 780 kn) / M1.7
Maximum speed: Mach 2.2
Range: 2,400 km (1,500 mi, 1,300 nmi)
Combat range: 1,000 km (620 mi, 540 nmi)
Ferry range 3 external fuel tanks: 3,100 km (1,900 mi, 1,700 nmi)
Ferry range with aerial refuelling: 6,000 km (3,700 mi; 3,200 nmi)
Service ceiling: 19,000 m (62,000 ft)
g limits: +10
Armament: 1 × 30 mm Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-30-1 autocannon with 150 rounds
Hardpoints: 9 with up to 6,500 kg
Crew: 1
Two-seat variant
Single-seat serial
Two-seat serial



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