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Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 / SM-10
Shenyang F-6
Aero Vodochody S-105
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mig-19


Authorization for the development of the MiG-19 to succeed the MiG-17 then entering service was granted in 1951, although design work had begun the previous year. The MiG-19 followed the basic layout of its predeces-sors, the MiG-15/MiG-17 series, although twin engines were adopted, and was designed to perform similar roles-single-seat clear-weather interception, with ground attack as a secondary mission but with performance improvements all round.

The MiG-19 was on the drawing board as the I-350 before even the MiG-15 had been encountered in Korea, the five prototypes being ordered on 30 July 1951. Maj Grigori Sedov flew the first I-350 design, also known as the Type SM, on 18 September 1953 on the power of two non-afterburning AM-5 engines giving only 4,410 lb thrust each.

Despite the high wing loading and bold sweep angle of 55 (at 25% chord), the MiG-19 handled well, large fences and Fowler flaps giving satisfactory low-speed control With afterburning engines the MiG-19 became the first Russian supersonic fighter and it was put into production on a very large scale in the second half of the following year.

 

Mig-19-02

 

Deliveries to the Soviet air force began early in 1955, and 48 flew in formation at that year's Soviet Aviation Day, held at Tushino. Early MiG-19s were powered by a pair of Mikulin AM-5 axial-flow turbojets each producing 2250 kg (5000 lb) of thrust dry and 3040 kg (6700 lb) with after-burning. The engines are mounted side-by-side in the rear fuselage and fed from a divided annular intake in the nose. The three-spar wings are tapered and swept back by 55 deg at 25% chord, with a full-chord fence on each side. Anhedral is about 4.5 deg. The large area Fowler flaps can be used at up to 800 km/h (495 mph) in combat, and lateral control in later aircraft is effected by ailerons assisted by spoilers, this arrangement having been used first on the MiG-15SD.

The area-ruled fuselage has a cylindrical nose and carries a cluster of air scoops at the rear to cool the afterburners, with others on either side of the spine feeding the elec-tronics bays. Air brakes were fitted to the fuselage sides in early models, later aircraft having an additional one mounted ventrally. The fin and fuselage-mounted tailplanes are swept back.

After about 500 had been delivered the MiG-19S (stabilizator) supplanted the early model with the fixed tailplane and manual elevators replaced by a fully powered slab. At the same time the old armament of a 37-mm (1.46-in) N-37 cannon with 40 rounds in the right-hand side of the forward fuselage and a 23-mm (0.90-in) NR-23 with 80 rounds in each wing was replaced by three of the new 30 mm NR-30 guns, one in each wing root and one under the right side of the nose and was fitted with two air-to--surface weapon stations under the wings. A large ventral airbrake was also added.

Fuel is carried in four fuselage cells with a total capacity of 2170 litres (477 Imperial gal) and can be supplemented by a pair of underwing drop tanks containing 800 litres (176 Imperial gal) each. A dorsal spine housing control, running between the cockpit and the tail, was introduced into the MiG-19S. A fully duplicated hydraulic system was employed and the tailplane was geared electro-mechanically to operate at a nearly constant rate of stick-force per g. An electrical system was provided to operate the tailplane in the event of hydraulic failure. The MiG-19S entered full service in the second half of 1956.

In 1956 the AM-5 engine was replaced by the newer and more powerful Tumansky RD-9Bs each rated at 2600 kg (5730 lb) dry and 3250 kg (7165 lb) with reheat, increasing peak Mach number from 1.1 to 1.3. The new fighter was designated MiG-19SF (forsiro-vanni, increased power) which was code-named Farmer-C and has been built in very large numbers.

The corresponding MiG-19PF (perekhvatchik, interceptor) has an Izumrud Al radar (called “Scan Odd” by NATO) in a bullet carried on the inlet duct splitter, with the ranging unit in the upper inlet lip. The final production version was the MiG-19PM (modifikatsirovanni), with guns removed and pylons for four early beam-rider air-to-air missiles (called “Alkali’ by NATO), an all-weather version fitted with the X-band Scan Odd fire control radar using dual pulse-repetition frequencies. The main antenna was housed in a bullet fairing mounted on the central intake splitter, with the complementary ranging radar installed in the upper lip.

A two-seat version, the MiG-19UTI, was also delivered.

All MiG-19s can carry the simple K-13A missile (the copy of Sidewinder, called “Atoll” by NATO) and underwing pylons can carry two 176 gal drop tanks plus two 551 lb weapons or dispensers. The Mig-19 was out of production in 1957.

The type was supplied to China knocked-down MiGs for Chinese construction before relations soured in 1960, and the Shenyang National Aircraft Factory has copied the MiG-19S as the F-6 (first flight in December 1961). Production of the F-6 was stepped up from about 1966 and it is thought that several thousand have been built, including counterparts of the MiG-19PF and SF. F-6 became the standard equipment of the Chinese Air Force of the People's Liberation Army from mid-1962. China has developed a number of variants of its own design. One is a tactical reconnaissance aircraft, while the TF-6 is a trainer version and the A-5 (formerly referred to as the F-9 and F-6 bis) a strike fighter with different appearance because of its pointed nose radome between the semi-circular side air intakes. The span of the A-5 has also been increased to about 10.2m. Maximum level speed of this version is estimated to be close to Mach 2.

shengf-6


Chinese-built F-6s have been supplied to 'friendly' coun-tries, including Pakistan, and are thought to incorporate indigenously developed improvements. The Pakistani aircraft have performed well in periodic clashes against Western-supplied types and MiG-21s operated by the Indian air force.

Phased out of production in the Soviet Union during the late 1950s, the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 continued to be built in China under a licence agreement of January 1958. The J-6 (Jianjiji 6, or Fighter Aircraft Type 6) is normally credited to the Shenyang production facility, although a second assembly line is located at Tianjin. First of the Chinese production models was the J-6 equivalent of the MiG-19S/SF day fighter, this giving way to the J-6A/MiG19PF limited all-weather interceptor and the later J-6B/MiG-19PM, the latter augmenting gun and rocket armament by AA-1 'Alkali' AAMs. An improved MiG-19SF, known as the J-6C and identified by a brake parachute housing at the base of the fin was in production in 1984, as was J-6Xin ('New J-6') which featured a sharply-pointed radome in the engine air intake for a Chinese-developed airborne gun-ranging radar. The JZ-6 (Jianjiji Zlienchaji 6) is a MiG-19R reconnaissance version equivalent with the forward fuselage cannon replaced a camera array. Despite limited Soviet production of a MiG-19UTI, Chinese requirements for a dual control trainer were met by a local design to produce the JJ-6 (Jianjiji Jiaolianji 6), with its 0.84 m (2 ft 9 in) fuselage extension. Several thousand J-6s have been built for the Chinese army and navy air forces since 1961, whilst export variants (known as the F-6 and trainer FT-6) serve in Albania, Bangladesh, Egypt, Iraq, Pakistan, Tanzania and Vietnam as interceptors and close-support aircraft. The J-6 is well liked by its pilots as a manoeuvrable fighter and stable weapons platform, Pakistan's aircraft having been improved by the addition of a third (under-fuselage) fuel tank, US-designed AIM-9B/J Sidewinder AAMs and Martin-Baker PKD Mk 10 automatic zero-zero ejection seats.

Total production possibly exceeds 10,000, including licence-manufacture as the Lim-7 in Poland, S-105 in Czechoslovakia and F-6 in China.

The MiG-19 has also been used as a testbed in a number of experimental programmes. Under the designation SM-10 it was used for in-flight refuelling trials from 1955, and in 1957 the SM-12.

SM-30 was the bureau designation of a pre--series MiG-19 which was used for catapult takeoff trials in 1956, and three years later the SM-50 underwent tests while fitted with RD-9BM turbojets of 3300 kg (7275 lb) thrust each with reheat, augmented by a U-19 rocket motor producing 3200 kg (7055 lb). A maximum speed of 1800 km/h (1118 mph) was attained, and a height of 20 000 m (65 600 ft) was reached in eight minutes.

 

Gallery

 

MiG-19
Single-seat fighter
Engines: 2 x Mikulin AM-5 turbojets, 6.700 lb (3,040 kg) thrust (afterburner rating)
Wing span 29 ft 6.5 in (9 m)
Height 13 ft 2.25 in (4.02 m)
Max speed (typical) 920 mph @ at 20,000 ft (M 1.3)

MiG-19S
Single-seat fighter
Engines: 2 x Mikulin AM-5 turbojets, 6.700 lb (3,040 kg) thrust (afterburner rating)
Wing span 29 ft 6.5 in (9 m)
Length: 42 ft 11.25 in (13.08 m)
Height 13 ft 2.25 in (4.02 m)
Max speed (typical) 920 mph @ at 20,000 ft (M 1.3)
Gross weight: 8700 kg (19180 lb)

MiG-19SF
Single-seat fighter
Engines: 2 x Klimov RD-9B turbojets, 7,165 lb (3250 kg) thrust (afterburner)
Wing span 29 ft 6.5 in (9 m)
Length: 42 ft 11.25 in (13.08 m)
Height 13 ft 2.25 in (4.02 m)
Initial ROC: 22,640 ft (6900 m)/min
Service ceiling: 58,725 ft (17,900 m)
Max speed (typical) 920 mph @ at 20,000 ft (M 1.3)
Empty wt: 12,698 lb (5760 kg)
Loaded wt (clean): 16,755 lb (7600 kg)
MTOW: 19,180 lb (8700 kg)
Max range (high. with two drop tanks): 1,367 miles (2200 km)

MiG-19
Engines: 2 x turbo-jet RD-9B(N), 31.9kN
Max take-off weight: 8600 kg / 18960 lb
Wingspan: 9.0 m / 29 ft 6 in
Length: 12.5 m / 41 ft 0 in
Height: 4.1 m / 13 ft 5 in
Wing area: 23.0 sq.m / 247.57 sq ft
Max. speed: 783 kts / 1450 km/h / 901 mph
Service ceiling: 18600 m / 61000 ft
Range w/max.fuel: 2200 km / 1367 miles
Range w/max.payload: 1400 km / 870 miles
Armament: 3 x 30mm machine-guns, missiles
Crew: 1

MiG-19PF
All-weather interceptor
Engines: 2 x Klimov RD-9B turbojets, 7,165 lb (3250 kg) thrust (afterburner)
Wing span 29 ft 6.5 in (9 m)
Length: 44 ft 7 in
Height 13 ft 2.25 in (4.02 m)
Max speed (typical) 920 mph @ at 20,000 ft (M 1.3)
Max range (high. with two drop tanks): 1,367 miles (2200 km)

MiG-19PM
All-weather interceptor
Engines: 2 x Klimov RD-9B turbojets, 7,165 lb (3250 kg) thrust (afterburner)
Wing span 29 ft 6.5 in (9 m)
Length: 44 ft 7 in
Height 13 ft 2.25 in (4.02 m)
Max speed (typical) 920 mph @ at 20,000 ft (M 1.3)
MTOW: 20,944 lb (9500 kg)
Max range (high. with two drop tanks): 1,367 miles (2200 km)

Lim-7

S-105

F-6 / Shenyang/Tianjinj-6C
Powerplant: two 3250-kg (7,165-lb) Shenyang Wopen-6 (Tumansky R-9BF-811) afterburning turbojets
Maximum speed, clean 1540 km/h (957 mph) or Mach 1.45 at 11000 m (36,090 ft)
Maximum speed 1340 km/h (833 mph) or Mach 1.09 at low level
Service ceiling 17900 m (58,725 ft)
Empty weight 5760 kg (12,698 lb)
Normal take-off weight, clean 7545 kg (16,634 lb)
Maximum take-off with external stores about 10000 kg (22,046 lb)
Wing span 9.20 m (30 ft 2.25 in)
Length, excluding probe 12.60 m (41 ft 4 in)
Height 3.88 m (12 ft 8.75 in)
Wing area 25.00 sq.m (269 sq ft).
Armament: three internal 30-mm NR30 cannon (one on starboard side of nose, two in wing roots); wing pylons for two 250-kg (551 -lb) bombs or four rocket packs, plus fuel tanks.

mig-19-ld

Mikoyan/Gurevich MiG-19

 

 

 


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