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Martin 167 Maryland / XA-22

martin167


Designed to meet a US Army Air Corps specification for an attack bomber, the Martin XA-22 prototype was a twin-engine cantilever low/mid-wing monoplane with retractable tailwheel landing gear and accommodation for a crew of three. It was flown for the first time on 14 March 1939, but following official tests was rejected by the USAAC. However, the company had received a first production order for 115 aircraft from France even before the prototype had flown, but the start of delivery was delayed until the US arms embargo was lifted in October 1939; by that time France had contracted for an additional 100 aircraft. Only 140 of these Model 167F aircraft were delivered before the French armistice in June 1940, having the French designation Martin 167A-3 and seeing action against Axis forces until June 1940 and subsequently, with Vichy forces in West Africa and the Middle East, against the Allies.

With the collapse of French resistance in Europe, the outstanding 75 aircraft on order were diverted to the UK for service with the RAF and these, together with an additional 75 ordered by the RAF, were designated as Maryland Mk 1. All were powered by 783kW R-1830-SC3G Twin Wasp radial engines with single-stage superchargers. Further British orders followed for an improved Maryland Mk II with more powerful engines and two-stage superchargers, a total of 150 of this version being delivered to the RAF. Marylands were deployed initially for target towing and long-range reconnaissance, proving to be particularly valuable in this latter role, and were also used as light bombers. The first operational unit to receive the Maryland, in September 1940, was No. 431 Flight (later No. 69 Squadron) formed at Malta, and the type saw service in the Western Desert with Nos 39 and 223 Squadrons. Some 72 of the RAF's Marylands were re-allocated to serve with Nos 12, 20, 21 and 24 Squadrons of the South African Air Force. Marylands also saw service with the Fleet Air Arm. Among the notable operations of the type were the reconnaissance sorties that preceded the successful Fleet Air Arm attack in November 1940 on the Italian fleet in harbour at Taranto. Another FAA Maryland reported that the Bismarck and Prinz Eugen were at sea in May 1941.

Model 167F / Martin 167A-3 / Maryland Mk 1

Engines: 2 x Pratt&Whitney R-1830-SC3G Twin Wasp radial, 1036 hp / 783kW
Length: 46.654 ft / 14.22 m
Height: 14.993 ft / 4.57 m
Wingspan: 61.319 ft / 18.69 m
Wing area: 538.523 sq.ft / 50.03 sq.m
Max take off weight: 16810.9 lb / 7624.0 kg
Weight empty: 11214.6 lb / 5086.0 kg
Max. speed: 264 kts / 489 km/h
Cruising speed: 215 kts / 399 km/h
Service ceiling: 29495 ft / 8990 m
Wing load: 31.16 lb/sq.ft / 152.0 kg/sq.m
Range: 1130 nm / 2092 km
Crew: 3
Armament: 4x MG cal.30 (7,62mm), 2x cal.303 (7,7mm), 907kg Bomb.

Maryland Mk II
Engines: 2 x Pratt & Whitney R-1830-S3C4G Twin Wasp radial, 895kW
Max take-off weight: 7624 kg / 16808 lb
Empty weight: 5086 kg / 11213 lb
Wingspan: 18.69 m / 61 ft 4 in
Length: 14.22 m / 46 ft 8 in
Height: 4.57 m / 14 ft 12 in
Wing area: 50.03 sq.m / 538.52 sq ft
Max. speed: 447 km/h / 278 mph
Ceiling: 7925 m / 26000 ft
Range: 1738 km / 1080 miles

martinmaryld

Martin 167 Maryland

 

 

 


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