Lockheed F-94 Starfire
The F-94 Starfire was evolved to satisfy a requirement for a two-seat all-weather radar-equipped fighter. It originally used many of the main components and the production facilities of the two-seat T-33 trainer. The prototypes were converted T-33A, each with a new 26.69kN Allison J33-A-33 turbojet, radar equipment installed in the fuselage nose and accommodation for the radar operator in the rear cockpit. Armament of four 12.7mm guns was retained in the forward fuselage.
Deliveries of production F-94A began in June 1950. These incorporated the wings, landing gear and centre fuselage of the T-33, with a new nose and rear fuselage (former to house the radar and the latter for the afterburner installation). All hydraulic, electric and control systems were similar to those of the F-80C.
The F-94A were followed in 1951 by F-94B which differed in having square wingtips with centrally mounted Fletcher tip-tanks of larger capacity and improved shape, raised to the wing centre-line, and a revised hydraulic system.
The final version was the F-94C with a thinner wing, longer nose, swept horizontal tail surfaces, larger vertical surfaces, a more powerful engine, and the radome centred in the fuselage nose and surrounded by a ring of 24 air-to-air rockets housed in firing tubes, faired by a retractable shield. Two pods (one mounted on each wing) could together accommodate 24 more rockets. A total of 544kg of electronic equipment included automatic locating, tracking and firing instruments, Westinghouse autopilot, Sperry Zero-Reader, ILS, etc. Its 1,200 lb. of electronic equipment includes automatic target location, tracking and rocket-firing radar.
A total of 854 production Starfires were built. The USAF's first turbojet-powered all-weather interceptor, the type served primarily with Air Defense Command for national defence.
Engine: 1 x Pratt & Whitney J48-P-5 turbojet with afterburner, 6,250 lb / 28.2kN thrust
Max take-off weight: 10970 kg / 24185 lb
Empty weight: 5764 kg / 12708 lb
Wingspan: 11.38 m / 37 ft 4 in
Length: 13.56 m / 44 ft 6 in
Height: 4.55 m / 14 ft 11 in
Wing area: 21.63 sq.m / 232.82 sq ft
Max. speed: 1030 km/h / 640 mph
Ceiling: 15665 m / 51400 ft
Range: 1296 km / 805 miles
Armament: 48 x 2.75 in
Lockheed F-94 Starfire