Lockheed T-33 / TF-80C / T-1 Seastar / TV-2
Canadair Ltd CL-30 Silver Star
In December 1945 the USAAF began to receive its first jet fighter, the Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star, and it soon became clear that a trainer version was essential. Lockheed's P-80 Shooting had developed into a lengthened-fuselage two-seat trainer version, designated originally TF-80C. The first of these flew on 22 March 1948.
In addition to the fuselage 'stretch', a second cockpit in tandem was provided with dual controls, the transparent canopy was extended to cover both cockpits and the armament of the F-80 was deleted. Original engines were Allison J33-35 single-shaft turbojet engines with a thrust rating of 5,200 lbs.
The type eventually became the USAFs standard jet trainer, many being supplied to foreign nations under the Military Aid Program. 1,058 were supplied to friendly nations under the program They were also built for service with the US Navy and Marine Corps under the designation TV-2, later T-33B.
A total of 128 TF-80C were built before the designation was changed to T-33A in May 1949.
Derived from T-33 as shipboard trainer, a total of 271 T-1 Seastar trainers were built for U.S. Navy during 1957-58.
Variants included small numbers modified as DT-33A drone directors and AT-33A armed close-support aircraft.
After a production run of 11 years the 5691th and last Lockheed T-33A Shooting Star was delivered by Lockheed at the beginning of August 1959.
A total of 5,691 were built by parent company, 656 built in Canada (by Canadair Ltd as CL-30 Silver Star with Nene 10), and 210 built in Japan (by Kawasaki). The aircraft was supplied to the air arms of some twenty-five countries.
Canadair was given a contract in September 1951 to manufacture the T-33 with the first flight being in December 1952. The Canadair CL-30' Silver Star', later designated CT-133, was a tandem two-seat, armed trainer version of the T-33A, powered by a Rolls Royce Nene 10 turbojet, delivering 5,400 lb thrust. 636 were built under licence for the Royal Canadian Air Force from 1952. It was used as an instrument flight trainer whilst in service with the Canadian forces in Germany.
The Silver Star Mks. 2 and 3 differed from the U.S. manufactured T-33A in being powered by a Rolls-Royce Nene 10 turbojet.
Armament consisted of two nose-mounted 12.7 mm (0.5 in) machine-guns plus various light bombs, rockets and machine-gun pods. It had a service ceiling of 48,000 feet, a maximum speed of 600 mph at sea level and a cruising speed of 455 mph. The normal range was 1,025 miles and the maximum range was 1,275 miles.
Canada gave T-33s to Bolivia, France, Greece, Portugal and Turkey under the Mutual Aid programme.
CL-30 Silver Star
By the end of 2000, 7 nations in the world still listed the T-33 as “in service.”
Engine: 1 x Allison J-33-A-5, 24.0kN
Max take-off weight: 5900 kg / 13007 lb
Empty weight: 3810 kg / 8400 lb
Wingspan: 11.9 m / 39 ft 1 in
Length: 11.5 m / 37 ft 9 in
Height: 3.6 m / 11 ft 10 in
Wing area: 22.0 sq.m / 236.81 sq ft
Max. speed: 965 km/h / 600 mph
Ceiling: 14700 m / 48250 ft
Range w/max.fuel: 2150 km / 1336 miles
Engine: 5,400 lbs.t. (2450 kgp) Allison J33-A-35.
Max level speed: 543 mph (874 kph).
Max speed, 600 mph (966 kph) at sea level
Cruise, 430 mph (692 kph)
Initial climb, 5,525 fpm (28 m/sec)
Service ceiling, 47,500 ft (14,477 m)
Range, 1,345 mls (2164 km).
Empty weight 8,084 lb (3 667 kg)
MTOW, 11,965 lb (5428 kg).
Wing span, 38 ft 10.5 in (11.85 m)
Length 37 ft 9 in (11.49 m)
Height: 14 ft 4 in (3.45 m)
Wing area, 237 sq.ft (22 sq.m).
Engine one 5,400-lb. Allison J-33-A/4 turbojet with w/water-alcohol injection.
Gross wt. 16,800.
Empty wt. 8,440.
Total fuel: 813 USG; 230 in each tip tank.
Max Speed 525 mph.
Long range cruise 455 mph.
Range 1,000 nm.
Seats (ejection) 2.
Engine: 6,100 lbs.t. (2 767 kgp) Allison J33-A-22 turbojet.
Max speed, 580 mph (933 kph) at 35,000ft (10 668 m)
Cruise, 410 mph (660 kph)
Initial climb, 6,330 fpm (32.1 m/sec)
Service ceiling, 40,000ft (12 192 m)
Range, 967 mls (1566 km).
Empty weight, 11,965 lb (5 428 kg)
Loaded weight, 15,500 lb (7 031 kg).
Wing span, 42 ft 10 in (13.05 m)
Length, 38 ft 6.5 in (11.73 m)
Wing area, 240 sq.ft (22.3 sq.m).
Engine: Rolls Royce Nene 10 turbojet, 5100 lb (2,315 kg)
Span: 37 ft 7 in (11.48 m) without tip tanks
Wing Span: 38 ft 10.5 in
Length: 37 ft 9 in (11.49 m)
Height: 11 ft 8 in (3.6 m)
Wing area: 238 sq ft (22.11 sq m)
Empty weight: 8,440 lb (3,832 kg)
Loaded weight: 18,400 lb (8,217 kg)
Maximum speed: Mach .787
Armament: Two .50 calibre Browning machine guns