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Lancair International Lancair ES / Columbia
Cessna 400 Corvalis


lancaires


Lance Neibauer called Martin Hollman one day and said, lets design an all fiberglass airplane with fixed gears. We will use the Stallion size wing and tail and the LIV fuselage and we will have it flying by Oshkosh this year. High Tech went on overtime building molds and Martin designed the new aircraft called the Lancair ES. It was designed, built and test flown in 63 days. Lance had the help of 38 people who came to bend, or to build it at their expense. They wanted to learn how to build fiberglass airplanes.
This aircraft has the same body shape as the Lancair IV, but with a longer wingspan and a fixed, tricycle undercarriage. These all-composite, four-seat, fixed gear models offer roomy interiors. The ES and Super ES four-place aircraft have high climb rate, long endurance, slow landing speed, and can haul a load at 200-225 mph.
Based on analysis and testing, the custom airfoil sections used in the Lancair IV was suited to the ES models. This wing structure features a high laminar flow design which enhances cruise speed, control and lift. With preferred cruising of 7,000 to 12,000 feet, an aspect ratio of 8.4:1 was selected.
Large, easy-to-operate, full slotted electrical flaps make the transition from high cruise speed to low pattern speed easy. The nearly 19 feet of effective flap span, combined with the high-lift, slotted flap design gives a low stall speed of 65mph. Detachable wing panels remove the wings while the aircraft remains on its landing gear.
The ES interior is 46 inches across and 48 inches in height, with large windows and the wrap-around windshield. An inflatable door seal keeps the cabin shielded from whistling wind and engine noise. Also, a custom sound-proofing package, developed exclusively for Lancairs, is available to make the cabin even quieter.
The ES can cruise at 225 mph in the Super ES which features a 310-hp Continental IO-550 engine. The ES can easily reach 200 mph with its 210-hp Continental IO-360 engine. Our climb rate is up to 2000 fpm and takeoff distance 600 ft.
The Fastbuild door option offers a completely finished door with all hinges, latches, gas strut, pneumatic door seal, lock and window installed. This option saves our builders over 200 hours.
With the Super ES at 55% power, fuel consumption is approximately 11 gph, which equates to 6 hours of flight with an hour reserve at 170 mph, and in excess of 1,000 miles – with a maximum range of 1,450.
Fuel is carried in tanks, on the left and right, integrated within the wing bays. A standard supply of 95 gallons is offered. As a safety feature, each tank incorporates a "slosh bay" to prevent unporting of the fuel pickup during uncoordinated maneuvers. The fuel valve also returns vapor to the same fuel tank that is in use.

The main gear legs are tubular 4340 steel, gun-drilled, honed, tapered, heat-treated and plated for rust protection. The Cleveland 600 x 6 wheels come standard with heavy-duty breaks. The nose gear features a custom-built premium air/oleo strut for maximum dampening. The differential braking system allows for tight turns and the rudder provides ground steering at speeds as low as 20 mph.

The airframe components are cured under vacuum pressure at 270&Mac176;F. A full flutter test program is conducted on all aircraft components.
A complete static load testing program is conducted for the wing and other specific load bearing areas.

Lancair airframe system components are pre-built, ready for assembly. There’s no welding, no machining, no contour forming. The Fastbuild kits include premolded surfaces using high-temperature epoxy-based prepregs. Most of the major assemblies come complete, including the wing with ribs, spar and hardpoints for control surfaces installed. The main gear is attached to the fuselage and the firewall and engine mount are installed with the nose gear attached. Plus, the tail surfaces come with equal amounts of completion, even the rudder hardware is installed.

With the Fastbuild "A" kit option, virtually all of the inner wing and horizontal tail structure is installed. With the Fastbuild "B" kit option, major fuselage subassemblies are preinstalled, including firewall, engine mount supports, bulkheads, landing gear and tail alignment saddles.

The aircraft is developed around an engine of choice. For the Lancair Super ES that engine is the Continental IO-550. This normally aspirated engine develops 310 hp at sea level. As an option, Lancair also support Continental IO-360ES installations. This is a 210 hp engine that will burn an average of 9.5 gph, giving you a range well over 1800 sm with the additional fuel option.
Lancair will fastbuild the engine by installing an engine to the mount and adding all baffling, fittings, lines, ect. to completely plumb the engine. They can also install all the firewall-mounted items needed onto the firewall before the fuselage kit leaves the facility. With these two options, the engine can installed in less than a day.

Lancair created a whole new company that is dedicated solely to the avionic systems of Lancair.
Customers receive very competitive prices on virtually all avionics and cockpit systems. The modular Lancair instrument panel is custom painted to your specifications, complete with professional labeling, and each panel is bench tested and "burned in" for a minimum of thirty hours to ensure a fast, trouble-free installation.

The Lancair ES-P four-place fixed gear aircraft can cruise at speeds of up to 293 miles per hour at 24,000 feet with its all-carbon fiber pressurized cabin.

The ES was later certified and called the Columbia and then Cessna 400. The ES kit price was $33,900 (1991), and $39,900-42,900 (1998). In 2008 Cessna's new low wing, high performance, composite aircraft sold for around US$620,000. The 1991 ES (TC LC20) was available as the Super ES with IO-550G engine.
 
The 1998 Columbia 300 (ATC LC40-550FG) is a factory-built ship based on Super ES design; fixed tri-gear, four place and 300hp Continental IO-550N engine. Eleven had been built by early 2001. One to NASA in Jan 2001 for use as a testbed in evaluating technologies developed in Advanced General Aviation Transport Experiments (AGATE) and Small Aircraft Transportation System (SATS) programs.

 

cessna400tt
Cessna 400 Corvallis TT


The 2009 Cessna 400 Corvalis TT new price was US$635,000.

 

Gallery

 

Lancair ES
Engine: Cont. IO-550-N, 310 hp @ 2700 rpm
Propeller: 3 blade, constant speed
Length: 25 ft.
Wingspan: 35.5 ft.
Wing Area: 140 sq. ft.
Aspect Ratio: 9:1
Wing Loading: 21.4 lbs./sq. ft.
G Loading: +4.4, -2.2 G's (utility)
Empty Weight: 2,000 lb
Gross Weight: 3,200 lb
Fuel Capacity: 95 USgal.
Useful Load: 1,200 lb
Baggage Capacity: 175 lb
Seats: 4
Cabin Width: 46 in. (front) / 43 in. (rear)
Cabin Height: 48 in.
Cruise (typical): 225 mph @ 8,000 ft.
Rate of Climb: 2000 fpm (solo) / 1550 fpm (gross)
Stall Speed: 65 mph (dirty)
Service Ceiling: 18,000 ft.
Takeoff Distance: 600 ft. (gross @ sea level)
Landing Roll: 800 ft.
Cross Wind Landing: 21 mph component
Fuel Consumption: 13.5-15 gph (typical)
Maximum Range: 1350 sm (with reserves.)

Lancair ES-P
Engine: Cont. TSIO-550-C, 350 hp @ 2600 rpm
Propeller: 3 blade, constant speed
Length: 25 ft.
Wingspan: 35.5 ft.
Wing Area: 140 sq. ft.
Wing Loading: 25.7 lbs./sq. ft.
Aspect Ratio: 9:1
G Loading: +4.4, -2.2 G's (utility)
Empty Weight: 2200 lbs.
Gross Weight: 3550 lbs.
Fuel Capacity: 105 gal.
Useful Load: 1350 lbs.
Seats: 4
Cabin Width: 46 in. (front) / 43 in. (rear)
Cabin Height: 48 in.
Baggage Capacity: 175 lbs.
Cruise: 270 mph @ 17500;
293 mph @ 24,000 (typical)
Fuel Consumption: 17.5-19 gph (typical)
Maximum Range: 1350 sm (with reserves)
Endurance: 6 hours
Rate of Climb: 2000 fpm (solo); 1550 fpm (gross)
Takeoff Distance: 600 ft. (gross @ sea level)
Landing Roll: 900 ft.
Cross Wind Landing: 21 mph component
Stall Speed: 70 mph (dirty)
Service Ceiling: 28,000 ft.

Lancair Super ES
Cruise: 225 mph
Stall: 65 mph
Range: 1550 sm
Rate of climb: 2000 fpm
Takeoff dist: 600 ft
Landing dist: 800 ft
Engine: Continental IO-550, 310 hp
HP range: 210-310
Fuel capacity: 95 USG
Empty weight: 2000 lb
Gross weight: 3200 lb
Length: 25 ft
Wing span: 35.5 ft
Wing area: 140 sq.ft
Seats: 4
Cockpit width: 46 in
Landing gear: nose wheel

Lancair Super ES
Top speed: 234 mph
Cruise: 225 mph
Stall: 57 mph
Range: 1200 sm
Rate of climb: 2000 fpm
Takeoff dist: 600 ft
Landing dist: 800 ft
Service ceiling: 18,000 ft
Engine: Continental IO-550-G, 300 hp
Fuel capacity: 75 USG
Empty weight: 1800 lb
Gross weight: 3000 lb
Height: 8 ft
Length: 25 ft
Wing span: 35.5 ft
Wing area: 140 sq.ft
Seats: 4
Landing gear: nose wheel

Lancair 1998 Columbia 300
Engine: Cont. IO-550-N1B, 310 hp
TBO: 2000 hrs
Propeller: Const. spd.
Wingspan: 36 ft. 1 in.
Overall length: 25 ft. 2 in.
Height: 9 ft.
Wing area: 142 sq. ft
Landing gear type: Tri/Fixed
Gross weight: 3400 lb
Empty weight, std: 2045 lb
Useful load, std: 1355 lb
Fuel: 100 USgal
Seating capacity: 4
Cabin width: 49 in
Cabin height: 51 in
Baggage capacity: 120lb
Cruise speed 75% power: 191kt
Cruise speed 65% power: 185 kt
Max range (w/ reserve) 75% power: 915 nm
Max range (w/ reserve) 65% power: 1000 nm
Fuel consumption 75% power: 17 USgph
Fuel consumption  65% power: 15 USgph  

Columbia 350
Engine: Continental IO-550N, 310 hp@SL
TBO: 2000 hr
Fuel type: 100/100LL
Propeller type/diameter: Hartzell 78 in.
Landing gear type: Tri./Fixed
Max ramp weight: 3400 lb
Gross weight: 3400 lb
Landing weight: 3400 lb
Empty weight, std: 2300 lb
Useful load, std: 100 lb
Payload, full std. fuel: 512 lb
Usable fuel: 98 USgals
Wingspan: 35 ft. 8 in.
Overall length: 25 ft. 2 in.
Height: 9 ft.
Wing area: 141.2 sq. ft
Wing loading: 24.1 lbs./sq. ft
Power loading: 11 lbs./hp
Wheel size: 6.00 x 6 in
Seating capacity: 4
Cabin doors: 2
Cabin width: 46 in
Cabin height: 48 in
Cruise speed 85% power: 191kt
Max range 45%: 1300 nm
Best rate of climb (SL): 1340 fpm
Max operating altitude: 18,000 ft
Vso: 57 kt
Takeoff ground roll: 700 ft
Takeoff over 50-ft. obstacle: 1250 ft
Landing ground roll: 1150 ft
Landing over 50-ft. obstacle: 2350 ft
Stall speed (gear, flaps down): 60 kt
Best rate of climb: 1340 fpm
Service ceiling: 18,000 ft
Takeoff ground roll: 700 ft
Landing ground roll: 1500 ft
New price: $378,900

Cessna 400 Corvalis TT
Engine: Teledyne Continental TSIO-550-C, 310 hp@SL
TBO: 2,000 hr
Fuel type: 100LL
Propeller type: CS Hartzell
Landing gear type: Tri./Fixed
Height: 9 ft (2.74 m)
Length: 25 ft 4 in (7.72 m)
Wingspan: 35 ft 10 in (10.91 m)
Wing area: 141 sq. ft
Wing loading: 25.5 lbs./sq. ft
Power loading: 12.3 lbs./hp
Cabin Height: 49 in (1.24 m)
Cabin Width: 49 in (1.24 m)
Cabin Length: 11 ft 8 in (3.54 m)
Seating: 4
Cabin doors: 2
Baggage Capacity: 25 cu.ft (0.7 cu.m)
Ramp Weight: 3,600 lb (1,633 kg)
Takeoff Weight: 3,600 lb (1,633 kg)
Landing Weight: 3,420 lb (1,551 kg)
Zero Fuel Weight: 3,300 lb (1,497 kg)
Usable Fuel Capacity: 612 lb (278 kg / 102 USgal)
Typically-Equipped Empty Weight: 2,550 lb (1,157 kg)
Useful Load: 1,050 lb (476 kg)
Maximum Payload: 750 lb (340 kg)
Full-Fuel Payload: 438 lb (199 kg)
Vso: 59 kts
Maximum Cruise Speed (75% pwr): 235 ktas (435 km/h)
Fuel consumption, 75% power: 19.5 USgph
Certified Ceiling: 25,000 ft (7,620 m)
Takeoff Distance 50ft: 1,900 ft (579 m)
Landing Distance 50 ft: 2,600 ft (792 m)
Rate of Climb at Sea Level: 1,400 fpm (427 mpm)
Range 45 min Res, 55% Pwr @ 25,000 ft: 1,250 nm (2,315 km)
Single Pilot Certified: Yes

Columbia 400
Engine: Continental TSIO-550-N1B, 310 hp@2600@SL to 25,000 ft.
TBO: 2000 hrs
Fuel type: 100/100LL
Propeller type/diameter: Hartzell CS / 76
Landing gear type: Tri/Fixed
Max ramp weight: 3400 lb
Gross weight: 3400 lb
Landing weight: 3400 lb
Empty weight, std: 2100 lb
Useful load, std: 1300 lb
Payload, full std. fuel: 700 lb
Usable fuel, std: 100 USgal
Oil capacity: 12 qt
Wingspan: 36 ft. 1 in.
Overall length: 25 ft. 2 in.
Height: 9 ft.
Wing area: 142 sq. ft
Wing loading: 24 lbs./sq. ft
Power loading: 11 lb/hp
Wheel track: 9 ft. 6 in.
Wheel size: 6.00 x 6 in
Seating capacity: 4
Cabin doors: 2
Cabin width: 49 in
Cabin height: 51 in
Baggage capacity: 120 lb
Cruise speed 75% power @ 18,000 ft: 230 kt
Cruise speed 75% power @ 25,000 ft.: 245 kt  
Max range (w/ res) 75% power: 1000  nm
Fuel consumption 75% power: 18 USgph
Fuel consumption 65% power: 16 USgph
Fuel consumption 55% power: 14 USgph
Best rate of climb: 1340 fpm
Service ceiling: 25,000 ft

Columbia 400
Engine: Continental TSIO-550, 310 hp@SL
Fuel type: 100LL
Landing gear type: Fixed/Tri.
Max ramp weight: 3612 lb
Gross weight: 3600 lb
Landing weight: 3420 lb
Empty weight, std: 2500 lb
Baggage weight: 120 lb
Useful load, std: 1100 lb
Usable fuel: 98 USgal
Wing loading: 25.5 lbs./sq. ft
Cabin width: 49 in
Cabin height: 49 in
Cabin length: 131 in
Seating capacity: 4
Max cruise speed: 235 kt
Max operating maneuvering speed, 3600 lbs. gross weight: 158 kt
Max flap extended speed, full flaps: 117 kt
Max takeoff flap extended speed, takeoff flaps: 126 kt
Max structural cruising speed: 181 kt
Max range: 1300 nm
Vs : 69 kt
Vso : 59kt
Vne : 230kt
Best rate of climb (SL): 1340 fpm
Takeoff ground roll: 1300 ft
Takeoff over 50-ft. obstacle: 1900 ft
Landing ground roll: 1250 ft
Landing over 50-ft. obstacle: 2600 ft

Lancair Columbia 400
Engine: Continental TSIO-550-N, 310 hp@2600@SL to 25,000 ft.
TBO: 2000 hr
Fuel type: 100/100LL
Propeller type/diameter: Hartzell CS/76
Landing gear type: Tri/Fixed
Max ramp weight: 3612 lb
Gross weight: 3600 lb
Landing weight: 3400 lb
Empty weight, std: 2350 lb
Payload, full std. fuel: 674lb
Usable fuel, std: 98 USgal
Oil capacity: 8 qts
Wingspan: 36 ft.
Overall length: 25 ft. 6 in.
Height: 9 ft.
Wing area: 141.2 sq. ft
Wing loading: 25.5 lbs./sq. ft
Power loading: 11.6 lbs./hp
Wheel base: 7 ft
Wheel size: 6.00 x 6 in
Seating capacity: 4
Cabin doors: 2
Cabin width: 49 in
Cabin height: 51 in
Baggage capacity: 120lb
Cruise speed 75% power @ 18,000 ft: 230 kt
Max range w/ res 75% power: 1000  nm
Fuel consumption 75% power: 19 USgph
Fuel consumption  65% power: 16 USgph
Fuel consumption  55% power: 14 USgph
Estimated endurance (65%): 5.0 hr
Vso: 57 kt
Best rate of climb: 1300 fpm

 

 

 


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