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Laird Swallow
Swallow Aircraft Manufacturing Co Swallow



The Burke-Moellendick-Laird partnership of Wichita began work, and in April 1920 the first Laird Swallow rolled out of the hangar. In April 1920, Matty Laird (builder of the Swallow) first tested his three-place OX-5 biplane built in a shed in Wichita. The plane earned the nickname "Swallow" from one of the Wichita hotel men who witnessed the flight, commenting, "It flies like a swallow:' The Laird Swallow became the first commercial, not military, plane offered for sale in the United States.
The company that became United Airlines began its early air operations flying a Laird Swallow.
Production went from two planes a month to four. After 43 Laird Swallows had been sold, Matty Laird quit and went back to Chicago to resume business as the E.M. Laird Airplane Company.
Jake Moellendick re-named his plant the Swallow Airplane Manufacturing Company.

First product of the Swallow Aircraft Co was Model 1924 Swallow Commercial three seater (a refined Laird Swallow). Type was successful, especially in Middle West, and improved progressively.
On April 6,1926 a Swallow biplane (modified New Swallow type, called Swallow Mail plane) made inaugural flight for Varney Air Lines (later part of United Air Lines) marking significant advance in U.S. air transport.
The 1927 Swallow featured a 90 hp Curtiss OX-5 engine, an adjustable stabiliser, 2.5in trim via a cockpit lever and carried ATC 21.
Swallow Commercial of 1928 offered with various engines; Swallow Special 3-seater had Axelson engine. In 1930s company developed Swallow Coupe light cabin monoplane.
Engine: Curtiss OX-5, 90 hp
Prop: Brewster 8 ft 4 in
Wingspan: 32 ft 8 in
Length: 23 ft
Wing chord: 5 ft
Height: 8 ft 4 in
Empty weight: 1469 lb
Useful load: 731 lb
Top speed: 100 mph
Cruise speed: 60 mph
Landing speed: 35 mph
ROC: 600 fpm
Ceiling: 12,000 ft







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