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Loring R-III / C-1 / T-1
The Loring R-III or R-3 was a 1920s Spanish two-seat sesquiplane reconnaissance and light attack aircraft designed by engineer Eduardo Barrón and built by Dr. Jorge Loring's company — Talleres Loring.
In the mid 1920s, during General Primo de Rivera's dictatorship the R-III entered a contest along with the Potez 25 for the modernization of the Spanish Military Air Arm. Both planes had similar characteristics, but the Military Directory favoured the Loring R-III in order to promote local industries. First flying in 1926, the Aeronáutica Militar placed an order of 110 units, which put the Loring company at the head of the Spanish aeronautical industry of the time.
In October and November 1926 three variants of the R-3 were exhibited at the Loring section of the National Aeronautics Exhibition held in Madrid's Palacio de Cristal: The R-3, the C-1 fighter (one built in 1926) and the T-1 light trainer (one built in 1926). Neither the fighter nor the trainer variants, however, went into production.
Some R-3s remained in service well after the proclamation of the Spanish Republic until the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War. It is not clear, however, whether they saw active service in the civil war.
Engine: 1 × Hispano Suiza 12Hb, 447 kW (600 hp)
Wingspan: 14.50 m (47 ft 7 in)
Length: 9.7 m (31 ft 10 in)
Height: 2.60 m (8 ft 6 in)
Empty weight: 1,400 kg (3,080 lb)
Gross weight: 2,380 kg (5,240 lb)
Maximum speed: 235 km/h (146 mph)
Crew: 2 (pilot, observer)
2 × fixed, forward-firing 7.7 mm (0.303 in) machine guns in the engine cowling.
2 × trainable 7.7 mm (0.303 in) machine guns on a Scarff ring for the observer.
40 × 11 kg (24 lb) bombs on under-fuselage racks, or 8 × 50 kg (110 lb) bombs

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