MFI BA-12 Sländan
Designed and constructed by Bjorn Andreasson and Rudolf Abelin, the Malmö Flygindustri (MFI) BA-12 Sländan is a single seat ultralight of pod and high boom configuration and with a butterfly tail. Designed and built in Sweden in the 1980s, the Sländan (English: Dragonfly) was the first Swedish microlight apart from glider based types. It is built from composite materials, with a square section beam formed in two halves supporting the engine well ahead of the wing leading edge and extending aft continuously to the tail. The wings, rectangular in plan and with a high aspect ratio (10:1), are attached to the beam with dihedral of 1.5 degrees. Ailerons cover 30% of the trailing edge. The wing has two pressed spars, foam filled glass fibre ribs and Kevlar filled glass fibre sandwich skins. The butterfly tail surfaces are also rectangular and assisted by a short ventral fin with the same chord as the tailplane.
The round nosed, single seat cabin is formed from six bonded pieces and mounted on the boom with its windscreen at the wing leading edge, placing the pilot below the wing at about one quarter chord. The sides are normally open though complete enclosure is an option. On each side a forward leaning bracing strut runs from the lower rear cabin to the front wing spar. The Sländan has a short, fixed, tricycle undercarriage with a steerable nosewheel; the mainwheels, fitted with brakes, are mounted on straight steel cantilever legs from the lower fuselage. There is a protective tailskid on the tip of the underfin.
The prototype Sländan was initially powered by a (21 kW) (28 hp) König SD 570 4-cylinder two-stroke engine though there were plans to replace this with a Lotus Magnum 2.25 when this type became available. At least three examples have been fitted with Rotax engines.
The Sländan first flew in 1984 and by February 1985 MFI were assembling five more. It was agreed that later aircraft should be produced by the Royal Swedish Aero Club using MFI's moulds and tools. It was intended to market the Sländan in both flyaway and kit form. At about the same time, in a collaboration between MFI and FFK Aerotech, Andreasson was developing a slightly larger, two seat version called the FFV Aerotech BA-14 Starling.
Three Rotax powered, Swedish registered Sländans appeared on the mid-2010 civil aircraft registers of Europe.