Junkers Ju.290

 

ju290-1


The Ju 290 was originally designed as a development of the Ju 90 transport and was test flown in 1941. Subsequent development was undertaken to enable it ultimately to supersede the Fw 200C for long-range over-sea anti-shipping and U-boat cooperation work, but it failed to achieve this. Nevertheless seven versions of the A series were produced as transport (A-1 with BMW 801D engines), reconnaissance (A-2, A-3 and A-5), transport (A-6), reconnaissance-bombing (A-7), and reconnaissance (A-8) aircraft - the latter with provision for carrying two Hs 293 anti-shipping glider missiles.

 

 Junk-290-01
Ju.290 V-3

 

Production totalled about 55 aircraft.

 

 Junk-290-02


The Ju 290B was a projected heavily armed long-range bomber. It was followed by the Ju 290C reconnaissance and transport aircraft, Ju 290D long-range bomber and Ju 290E night bomber: all of which failed to enter production.

 

ju290-2

 

Ju.290 V-1
Ju.90 W/no 4918/0011 / BD+TX re-engined and fitted with a loading ramp.
First flew 16 July 1942
Crashed Stalingrad 19 January 1943.
 
Ju.290 V-2
W/no 0151 / CE+YZ / SB+QA
First flew 7 December 1942
 
Ju.290 V-3
W/no 0152 / GF+GH / SB+QB
The rebuilt Ju.90 V-7
Crashed and destroyed 5 October 1944
 
Ju.290 A-0
Two pre-production aircraft
Engines: 4 x BMW 801L-2, 1600 hp
Props: 3 blade
Armament: 3 x 20mm MG151 cannon, 2 x 7.9mm MG81 mg
Bombload: 2 x Henschel Hs 293 glider bombs
Troop capacity: 40
Transport load: 18,700 lb
Winch loading ramp: 15ft 9in long x 7fyt 8in wide
 
Ju.290A-1
Five aircraft similar to the V-8
 
W/no 0152 SB+QC / Wno 0153 T9+FK – to Luftwaffe March 1943
 
W/no 0154 / J4+AH – to Luftwaffe May 1943
 
W/no 0155 & 0156 – to Luftwaffe for structural testing purposes
 
Ju.290A-2
Three aircraft as long range maritime patrol aircraft
First flew Summer 1943
 
W/no 0157 SB+QG
Went to Britain as AM-57
Scrapped 1950
 
W/no 0158 SB+GH / 9V+AH
Armament: 20mm MG151 cannon in dorsal turret
 
Ju.290A-3
Five armed maritime / reconnaissance types during 1943
Engines: 4 x BMW 801D, 1700 hp
Fitted with extra dorsal turret and a 20mm MG 151 cannon, + another in tail position.
2 x 13mm MG 131 in each waist position + 1 in forward firing gondola.
 
W/no 0160 & W/no 0161
 
W/no 0162 9V+GK
Shot down 20 November 1943 by a DH Mosquito
 
W/no 0163
Destroyed 3 May 1945
 
W/no 0154
 
Ju 290A-4
Five long range reconnaissance types
W/nos 0165 – 0169
Engine: 4 x BMW DB 801 L-2, 1,500 hp
Max speed: 243 mph at 18,000 ft
Service ceiling: 19,000 ft
Max range: 790 miles
Loaded weight: 90.000 lb
Wingspan: 138 ft
Armament: one forward-firing 20-mm MG 151 cannon in forward fuselage; one 20-mm MG 151 cannon in dorsal position; two MG 131 13-mm machine guns in lateral emplacements; one MG 131 13-mm machine gun in forward ventral position; one MG 151 20-mm cannon in rear ventral position; one MG 151 20-mm cannon in tail; bomb load of 19,000 lbs or 90 men.
 
W/no 0165
Used in testing the Hs 293 guided bomb, fitted with Fritz X radio controlled equipment.
 
Ju-290A-7
Engine: 4 x BMW 801D, 1268kW
Max take-off weight: 46000 kg / 101413 lb
Empty weight: 33005 kg / 72764 lb
Wingspan: 42.0 m / 137 ft 10 in
Length: 29.15 m / 95 ft 8 in
Height: 6.83 m / 22 ft 5 in
Wing area: 203.60 sq.m / 2191.53 sq ft
Max. speed: 440 km/h / 273 mph
Ceiling: 6000 m / 19700 ft
Range w/max.fuel: 6090 km / 3784 miles
Armament: 7 x 20mm cannon, 1 x 13mm machine-guns, 3000kg bombs or 3 missiles
Crew: 3

 

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