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Junkers Ju.290

 

ju290-1


The Ju 290 was originally designed as a development of the Ju 90 transport and was test flown in 1941. Subsequent development was undertaken to enable it ultimately to supersede the Fw 200C for long-range over-sea anti-shipping and U-boat cooperation work, but it failed to achieve this. Nevertheless seven versions of the A series were produced as transport (A-1 with BMW 801D engines), reconnaissance (A-2, A-3 and A-5), transport (A-6), reconnaissance-bombing (A-7), and reconnaissance (A-8) aircraft - the latter with provision for carrying two Hs 293 anti-shipping glider missiles. Production totalled about 55 aircraft.


The Ju 290B was a projected heavily armed long-range bomber. It was followed by the Ju 290C reconnaissance and transport aircraft, Ju 290D long-range bomber and Ju 290E night bomber: all of which failed to enter production.

 

ju290-2

 

Ju 290A-4
Engine: 4 x BMW DB 801 L-2, 1,500 hp
Max speed: 243 mph at 18,000 ft
Service ceiling: 19,000 ft
Max range: 790 miles
Weight loaded: 90,000 lb
Wingspan: 138 ft
Armament: one forward-firing 20-mm MG 151 cannon in forward fuselage; one 20-mm MG 151 cannon in dorsal position; two MG 131 13-mm machine guns in lateral emplacements; one MG 131 13-mm machine gun in forward ventral position; one MG 151 20-mm cannon in rear ventral position; one MG 151 20-mm cannon in tail; bomb load of 19,000 lbs or 90 men.

Ju-290A-7
Engine: 4 x BMW 801D, 1268kW
Max take-off weight: 46000 kg / 101413 lb
Empty weight: 33005 kg / 72764 lb
Wingspan: 42.0 m / 137 ft 10 in
Length: 29.15 m / 95 ft 8 in
Height: 6.83 m / 22 ft 5 in
Wing area: 203.60 sq.m / 2191.53 sq ft
Max. speed: 440 km/h / 273 mph
Ceiling: 6000 m / 19700 ft
Range w/max.fuel: 6090 km / 3784 miles
Armament: 7 x 20mm cannon, 1 x 13mm machine-guns, 3000kg bombs or 3 missiles
Crew: 3

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