First flown in 1953, the IL-14 was developed from the IL-12 with a new tail unit and wing and was known in the West under the NATO reporting name Crate.
Many thousands were produced in the Soviet Union, East Germany and Czechoslovakia (as the Avia 14).
The IL-14 basic version with normal accommodation for 28 passengers was followed by the IL-14M and IL-14P. The Il-14M has a fuselage lengthened by 1.0m and accommodates up to 32 passengers, while the Il-14P seats 26 passengers, has improved performance and an AUW of 16,500kg. A large number of M and P versions were converted into IL-14T freighters.
'3078' was the last Il-14 used by the Polish Air Force for VIP transport. Built by VEB in East Germany, it was retired in 1989.
Engines: 2 x Shvetsov ASh-82T, 1395kW / 1874 hp
Max take-off weight: 17000 kg / 37479 lb
Empty weight: 12200 kg / 26897 lb
Wingspan: 31.7 m / 104 ft 0 in
Length: 21.3 m / 69 ft 11 in
Height: 7.9 m / 25 ft 11 in
Wing area: 100.0 sq.m / 1076.39 sq ft
Max. speed: 395 km/h / 245 mph
Cruise speed: 345 km/h / 214 mph
Service ceiling: 7000 m / 22950 ft
Range w/max.fuel: 3200 km / 1988 miles
Range w/max.payload: 1000 km / 621 miles
Pax cap: 24