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Farman F.230 / F.231 / F.232 / F.233 / F.234 / F.235 / F.236 / F.237 / F.238 / F.239 / F.350 / F.351 / F.352 / F.353 / F.354 / F.355 / F.356 / F.357 / F.358 / F.359 / F.360 / F.361
 
Farman-230-1
F.230
 
The Farman F.230 and its derivatives were a family of light touring aircraft first flown in France in 1930. They were low-wing cantilever monoplanes of conventional configuration, with fixed tailskid undercarriage and two open cockpits in tandem. The thick-section wing used on these designs was a distinguishing feature.
 
During the course of the 1930s decade, aircraft of this family held various world records in their class for speed, altitude, duration, and distance; the F.356 model alone held no fewer than 18 such records.
 
Typical of these exploits was Marcel Lalouette and Jean de Permangle's long-distance flight on 12 January 1931, where they flew an F.231 from Istres, France, to Villa Cisneros, in colonial West Africa during which they covered 2,700 km (1,690 mi) in 22 hours and set a new distance record. In another feat, Jean Réginensi and André Bailly set three world airspeed records in October 1933 (over 100 km, 500 km, and 1,000 km) flying a F.239.
 
A Farman F.231 was featured in the Cigars of the Pharaoh, the fourth volume of The Adventures of Tintin comics series by Belgian cartoonist Hergé.
 
Farman-231-2
F-231
 
One of the first version with the Salmson 9ad 40 hp engine was flown by the then famous French aviator Lena Bernstein.
One of the F.231 flown by Marcel and Jean de Lalouett Permangl on January 12, 1931 broke the world distance record by flying 2700 km in 22 hours.
 
Farman-234-3
F.234
 
A float equipped F.231 crashed in 1931 while trying to break the world record and the F.239 (1 Pobjoy R) piloted by Jean Redzhinensi and Andre Baylli, set three world speed records for light aircraft.
The Spanish Republican Air Force operated F.354.
 
Farman-354-4
Farman F.354
 
 
Variants:
F.230 - initial version with Salmson 9Ad engine, (11 built)
F.230bis - conversion of F.230 (1 converted)
F.231 - version with Renault 4Pb engine (47 built)
F.231bis - seaplane version of F.231 (1 converted)
F.232 - version with Michel IV-AT3 engine (4 built)
F.233 - version with de Havilland Gipsy I engine (1 built)
F.234 - version with Salmson 7Ac engine (16 built)
F.235 - version with Hispano-Suiza 6Pa engine (1 built)
F.236 - version with Salmson 9Ad engine (4 built)
F.237 - similar to the F.235, but powered by a 100-hp (75-kW) Renault engine.
F.238 - version with de Havilland Gipsy III engine (1 built)
F.239 - version with Pobjoy R engine (1 built)
F.350 - version with Renault 4Pb engine (2 built, plus 4 converted from F.231)
F.351 - version with Renault 4Pb engine and enclosed cabin (1 built, plus 1 converted from F.231)
F.352 - version with Salmson 7Ac engine (1 built, plus 1 converted from F.234)
F.352H - seaplane version of F.352 (1 built, plus 1 converted from F.234)
F.353 - version with de Havilland Gipsy III engine (1 built)
F.354 - version with de Havilland Gipsy I engine (1 built)
F.355 - version with Renault 4Pdi engine (1 built)
F.356 - version with Renault 4Pc engine (1 built)
F.357 - version with Renault 4Pdi engine (1 built)
F.358 - version with Hispano-Suiza 6Pa engine (1 built)
F.359 - version with de Havilland Gipsy III engine (1 built)
F.360 - version with Salmson 9Ad engine (1 built)
F.361 - version with Salmson 9Adr engine (2 converted from F.236)
 
Specifications:
 
F.230
Engine: Salmson 9Ad , 40 hp
Wingspan: 10.8 m
Length: 5.58 m
Take-off weight: 445 kg
Top speed: 150 km / h
Range: 450 km
 
F.230bis
Engine: Salmson 9Ad , 40 hp
Wingspan: 10.31 m
 
F.231
Engine: 1 × Renault 4Pb, 71 kW (95 hp)
Length: 6.13 m (20 ft 1 in)
Wingspan: 9.14 m (30 ft 0 in)
Height: 2.13 m (7 ft 0 in)
Wing area: 15.8 m2 (170 ft2)
Empty weight: 411 kg (906 lb)
Gross weight: 678 kg (1,495 lb)
Maximum speed: 186 km/h (116 mph)
Range: 450 km (280 miles)
Service ceiling: 5,000 m (16,400 ft)
Crew: One pilot
Capacity: 1 passenger
 
 
 
 
 
 


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