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Aero Vodochody 145 / Ae-45

Aero Vodochody Super Aero 145

aero145

Super Aero 145

 

Development began 1946 and was accomplished by the technical designers Jiři Bouzek, Ondřej Němec and František Vik. The design bears a superficial resemblance, viewed nose-on, to the German Siebel Si 204 which, among other German aircraft like the Messerschmitt Bf 109, were produced in Czechoslovakia while under German occupation. The prototype (registered OK-BCA) flew for the first time on 21 July 1947 and the second, registered OK-CDA, one year later. Flight testing ran without incidents and the type was released for series production in 1948. The model number of "45" was not a continuation of Aero's pre-war numeration scheme, but a reference to the 4/5 seats in the aircraft.
 
The Aero 45 had a sleek, teardrop-shaped fuselage, with a rounded, extensively-glazed nose affording excellent visibility. It had a low wing on which the engine nacelles were mounted, and a conventional tail. The main undercarriage was retractable but the tailwheel was fixed.
 
Development began 1946 and was accomplished by the technical designers Jiři Bouzek, Ondřej Němec and František Vik. The design bears a superficial resemblance, viewed nose-on, to the German Siebel Si 204 which, among other German aircraft like the Messerschmitt Bf 109, were produced in Czechoslovakia while under German occupation. The prototype (registered OK-BCA) flew for the first time on 21 July 1947 and the second, registered OK-CDA, one year later. Flight testing ran without incidents and the type was released for series production in 1948. The model number of "45" was not a continuation of Aero's pre-war numeration scheme, but a reference to the 4/5 seats in the aircraft.
 
The Aero 45 had a sleek, teardrop-shaped fuselage, with a rounded, extensively-glazed nose affording excellent visibility. It had a low wing on which the engine nacelles were mounted, and a conventional tail. The main undercarriage was retractable but the tailwheel was fixed.

 

aerosuper145

Super Aero 145

 

Ae-45 prototypes were widely advertised abroad. In August 1949 Jan Anderle won the Norton Griffiths Race in Great Britain (Ae-45 registration OK-DCL). They also set several international records. As a result, apart from Eastern Bloc countries, the plane was also bought by Italy and Switzerland. On 10–11 August 1958 Dr. Pier Paolo Brielli flew an Italian Ae-45 3000 kilometers from South America to Dakar across the southern Atlantic (as the first Czechoslovak-built aircraft). In 1981 Jon Svensen flew Ae-45S (390 sold) from Europe to the USA.
 
 Aero-Ae45-02
Ae-45S Super Tourer
 
This type was used in Czechoslovakia and was exported to the People's Republic of China, East Germany, France, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Romania, Soviet Union and Switzerland. Hungary was a major customer, where the aircraft was known as the Kócsag (Hungarian: "Egret").
 
Aero Vodochody produced the aircraft in 1947–1951, after which the Let Kunovice rolled out these planes until 1961. In 1958 the Ae-45S became the first Czechoslovak plane to cross the Atlantic Ocean. It was the first product of the nation's postwar aviation industry and proved a great success, with many of the 590 produced being exported.
 
Among operators were Interflug (4), Hungarian Police and Hungarian Air Ambulance Service,   LOT Polish Airlines operated three Ae-45 in 1952–1957, Polish Air Ambulance Service operated Ae-45 and Ae-145, Aeroflot, Aeroclub Ajdovščina, Vietnam Civil Aviation Department – later as Vietnam Civil Aviation (now Vietnam Airlines), East German Air Force, Hungarian Air Force, Romanian Air Force, and Czechoslovakian National Security Guard. The Czechoslovak Air Force operated aircraft under designation K-75, for liaison purpose, and the Indian Air Force operated a single aircraft gifted by the Czech government
 
In the People's Republic of China the People's Liberation Army Air Force operated license-built Suingari-1 variant. The Vietnam People's Air Force operated three Ae-45 from 1956 (acquired from China).
 
Variants:
 
Aero 45
irst production version built in Aero factory.
200 built between 1948 and 1951.
Aero 45S "Super Aero"
Improved variant produced by Let in Kunovice factory, among others with better navigational equipment.
228 aircraft built between 1954 and 1959.
 
Aero 145
Version with engines changed to supercharged Motorlet (Walter) M332
Produced later as Avia M332s.
This version was developed and built by Let
162 aircraft built between 1959 and 1961.
Engines: 2 × Avia M 332-III, 100 kW (140 hp) each
Propellers: 2-bladed Type V410, electrically-operated metal 4-position variable-pitch
Propeller diameter: 1.9 m (6 ft 3 in)
Wingspan: 12.25 m (40 ft 2 in)
Wing area: 17.1 sq.m (184 sq ft)
Airfoil: Aero No.58-64
Length: 7.77 m (25 ft 6 in)
Height: 2.3 m (7 ft 7 in)
Empty weight: 960 kg (2,116 lb)
Gross weight: 1,500 kg (3,307 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 1,600 kg (3,527 lb) (full fuel)
Fuel capacity: 324 l (86 US gal; 71 imp gal)
Maximum speed: 282 km/h (175 mph, 152 kn) at 1,600 kg (3,500 lb) AUW
Cruise speed: 250 km/h (160 mph, 130 kn) at 1,600 kg (3,500 lb) AUW
Range: 1,700 km (1,100 mi, 920 nmi)
Service ceiling: 5,900 m (19,400 ft)
Service ceiling one engine out: 2,200 kg (4,900 lb)
Rate of climb: 5 m/s (980 ft/min)
Wing loading: 87.8 kg/sq.m (18.0 lb/sq ft)
Power/mass: 9.5 kg/kW (15.7 lb/hp)
Take-off run to 15 m (49 ft): 460 m (1,510 ft)
Crew: 1
Capacity: 3-4 pax
 
Sungari-1
Chinese unlicensed copy of the Aero Ae 45S, produced from 1958.

 

 

 

 

 


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