Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd
After World War 1 several members of the former Sopwith Aviation Company's technical staff had joined Mitsubishi and produced designs to meet the specifications of the Air Supply Section of the I.J.N. In this way, Herbert Smith became chief designer for Mitsubishi. W. L. Jordan, D.S.C., D.F.C., an ex‑RNAS and RAF fighter pilot, was appointed their chief test pilot.
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. formed April 11,1934, through the merger of Mitsubishi Shipbuilding and Engineering Co Ltd. and Mitsubishi Aircraft Co Ltd. Long association with Japanese Navy, commencing with Type 10, operational 1922. Most notable aircraft were 1937 A5M4 "Claude"; 1942 J2M3 'Jack'; 1939 A6M3 'Zeke' (Zero), which were all fighters; 1941 Ki-46 'Dinah' reconnaissance aircraft; 1940 G3M1 "Nell" and 1941 G4M1 "Betty" medium bombers; 1940 Ki-21 "Sally" heavy bomber; and its replacement, 1944 Ki-67"Peggy."
Mitsubishi built 80,000 aircraft between 1920 and 1945. After the predominant role Mitsubishi played in Japanese aviation during the 25 years that preceded the termination of World War II, MHI was prohibited from engaging in aircraft manufacture until 1955.
Post-war built North American F-86F Sabres, Sikorsky S-55s, S-62As, and S-61s, and 177 Lockheed F-104J and 19 two-seat F-104D-Js Starfighters with Kawasaki, with which company it also manufactured McDonnell Douglas F-4EJ Phantoms. They will be fitted with arrester gear.
Mitsubishi completed the assembly of 300 F-86F Sabres for the JASDF, but modifed 18 of these aircraft into RF-86F reconnaissance-fighters, each carrying two K-22 cameras in the forward fuselage and one K-17 camera under the centre fuselage.
Licence production of Sikorsky S-55 helicopters began in 1958, and was to be followed by manufacture of the HSS-2 Seadragon anti-submarine helicopter, of which Mitsubishi were to build 10 for the JMSDF by November 1966.
Shin Mitsubishi Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
Shin Mitsubishi Building,
Produced 90 T-2 supersonic jet trainers, the first Japanesedeveloped supersonic aircraft (first flown 1971 and all delivered by 1988) and 77 F-1 single-seat close-air-support derivatives (all delivered by 1987). Developed MU-2 turboprop executive aircraft (first flown 1963), built in Japan and assembled and marketed in U.S.A. by subsidiary Mitsubishi Aircraft International, followed by the MU-300 Diamond (first flown 1978), which later became the Beech Model 400 Beechjet.
Produced 213 McDonnell Douglas F- 15J/DJ fighters for JASDF by 1998, and in October 1995 first flew new Japanese-developed F-2 fighter support aircraft, intended to replace F-1 and based on F-16 but incorporating new technologies. Currently modernizing F-4EJ fleet, is a partner in the Bombardier Global Express program, has a 20% share in the Kawasaki OH-1 helicopter program, constructs Sikorsky S-70B-3 helicopters for the JMSDF as SH-60JS (the first flew 1991) plus UH-60Js for SAR with JMSDF and JASDF and UH-60JAS for JGSDF, has developed the new MH2000 twin-turbine multipurpose helicopter (first flown July 1996), and constructs components forthe Dash 8, various Boeing airliners and Sikorsky S-92. Also has engine and space activities.
Its overhaul and repair organization handles all types of aircraft and aero-engines. In particular, it is responsible for component manufacture and repair of Pratt & Whitney engines in Japan.