Główny Instytut Lotnictwa / GIL
Technical Research Institute of Aviation
Institute of Aviation
Institute of Aviation
al. al. Krakowska 110/114 Krakow 110/114
02-256 Warszawa 02-256 Warsaw
Aviation History of the Institute goes back to the beginnings of Polish independence, but the official start date of the Institute is 1 August 1926. In the initial phase of its operation, acted as the Institute of Technical Research Institute of Aviation. This name survived to the beginning of World War II. Activity in the period 1926-1939 focused primarily on testing and certification of aircraft. All the pre-war Polish military aircraft were tested and certified at the Institute, including the PZL P.11 , PZL.23 Karas , PZL.37 Moose , PZL.38 , and PZL.44 Wind.
In 1948 the Institute changed its name to the Central Institute of Aviation, and 1952 was named Institute of Aviation. In the post war period, constructors dealt mainly with the design and manufacture of licensed Po-2 and MiG-15. The Institute developed pulse motors and jets. In the early years of its operation activities of the Institute focused on the study of equipment derived from the Soviet Union and placed on the license production.
In 1946, the LWD Szpak , a year later, the first glider IS-1 Vulture , after which they were SZD-6 Bat , SZD-8 Swallow , SZD-9 Bocian , Marshmallow SZD-19 , SZD-24 Foka . The Institute of Tadeusz Sołtyk designed the PZL TS-8 Bies and the first Polish jet aircraft TS-11 Iskra , the engine designed in the Institute
Institute engineers also designed the first helicopter: BZ-1 GIL, BZ-4 Zuk and JK-1 Bumblebee. The Institute also, in 1972, designed and built a flying laboratory, the Lala-1. It was a heavily modified aircraft An-2 , which later tested technologies used in the construction of the PZL M-15 (Belphegor) .
In addition to aircraft construction facility began to specialize in designing and testing flying objects such as rockets and flying targets, including the Meteor 1 meteorological rocket project. Subsequent years of the Institute was developing a training-combat aircraft for the military, which resulted in the I-22 Iryda. The institute designed a four-seat, composite passenger aircraft, the I-23 Manager (flown in October 1998, for deliveries from 1999), two-seater trainer, the I-25 ace, two-seater helicopter patrol trainer IS-2 and a rescue patrol-hovercraft, the PRP-560 Ranger .
Proposed the Kobra 2000 in 1993 for air - to- ground combat operations in the next century, but abandoned.