Mil Mi-8M / Mi-17 / Mi-19 / Mi-171 / Mi-172
First identified in 1980-81, the Mi-17 is virtually a revision of the Mi-8 design using a combination of the 'Hip' airframe but with the port-side tail rotor, and fitted with the more powerful powerplants of the Mi-14. A new rotor hub of titanium alloy was developed for the Mi-17. These result in an overall improvement in performance, particularly the hovering ceiling. The Mi-17 retains the codename 'Hip-H'.
Distinguished from basic Mi-8 by port-side tail rotor; shorter engine nacelles, with air intakes extending forward only to mid-point of door on port side at front of cabin; small orifice each side forward of jetpipe; correct rotor speed maintained automatically by system that also synchronises output of the two engines. For operation in 'hot and high' conditions, Kazan commercial versions can be supplied with TV3-117MT engines and tail rotor with wider-chord blades.
The basic Mi-17 is powered by two 1,434kW (1,923 shp) Klimov TV3-117MT turboshafts. Should one engine stop, output of the other increases automatically to contingency rating of 1,637kW (2,195 shp), enabling flight to continue. An APU for pneumatic engine starting is provided,and deflectors on engine air intakes prevent ingestion of sand, dust and foreign objects. Single flexible internal fuel tank, capacity 445 litres; two external tanks, each side of cabin, capacity 745 litres in port tank, 680 litres in starboard tank; total standard fuel capacity 1,870 litres. Provision for one or two ferry tanks in cabin, raising maximum total capacity to 3,700 litres.
Configuration and payloads generally as Mi-8 but six additional centreline seats optional. Military Mi-17-1V carries up to 30 troops or 20 wounded troops in ambulance configuration. Civilian Mi-17 promoted as essentially a cargo-carrying helicopter, with secondary passenger transport role.
Mi-17V/171 systems include AI-9V APU for pneumatic engine starting, and AC electrical supply from two 40kW three-phase 115/220V 400Hz GT40/P-48V generators. Avionics include Baklan-20 and Yadro-1G1 com radio and Type 8A-813 weather radar. Optional are ASO-2 chaff/flare dispenser under tailboom and IR jammer (NATO 'Hot Brick') at forward end of tailboom.
Equipment and armament options are as for the Mi-8, plus, on military versions, external cockpit armour; engine nozzle IR suppressors and a VMR-2 fit for air-dropping, 23mm GSh-23 gun packs, AAMs and newer ASMs on Mi-8AMTSh.
Revealed to the world at the 1981 Paris air show, the Mi-17 is known by the Russian military as the Mi-8M. Export customers and Russian civilian operators use the Mi-17 designation.
Entered service with Soviet forces in 1977 as Mi-8MT. The first export examples were delivered to Cuba in 1983, and Mi-17s were in service in Angola, Hungary, India, North Korea, Nicaragua, Papua New Guinea, Peru and Poland, as well as the CIS.
Mi-8 derivatives include Mi-17 (first flown August 1975) with change of engines and other modifications and Mi-171/Mi-172 export models, and lengthened Mi-173. Individual factories continue to develop new Mi-17 variants, like the Mi-171 produced by the Ulan Ude factory. Production of Mi-17M/V and Mi-172 for both civil and military use as a cargo-carrying helicopter, with secondary capability as a passenger transport capable of carrying up to 24 passengers, or 12 stretcher cases when used as an ambulace was at Kazan and Mi-171 at Ulan-Ude plants, from where they are marketed. More than 810 exported by Aviaexport. Production of both the Mi-8 and Mi-17 continued in 1987.
Long-range modification: AEFT (Auxiliary External Fuel Tanks) system by Aeroton adds a further 1,900 litres in two internal tanks, plus 2,850 litres in six tanks on the stores pylons of Mi-8MT, -AMT, -MTV-1, civil MTV and Mi-17 variants. Operational range with all eight auxiliary tanks is 1,300km; ferry range 1,850km.
Mid-life update of Mi-8 with more powerful turboshafts, giving overall performance improvement, particularly hover ceiling. All versions in RFAS military service retain Mi-8 designation.
Derivative of Mi-17 jointly developed by Kazan and Mil, with systems integration provided by Kelowna Flightcraft (Canada). First flown 3 August 1997. Certified to FAR Pt 29 for full IFR operation.
Mi-17LL (laboratoriya: laboratory)
Prototype converted from Mi-8MTV (RA70937); displayed at 1995 Paris Air Show; with rear loading via a short ramp and two clamshell doors; further modified with large single-piece rear loading ramp and other changes. Given dual designation Mi-17MD/Mi-8MTV-5 when equipped with IR jammer and flight deck armour. Also known as Mi-17N (Noch: Night). First delivered to South Korean Police.
Mi-17P (Mi-8 MTPB) ('Hip-K derivative')
ECM communications jammer; two observed in Hungarian service in 1990; antenna array much more advanced than that of Mi-8 ('Hip-K'); large 32-element array, resembling vertically segmented panel, aft of main landing gear each side; four-element array to rear on tailboom each side; large radome each side of cabin, below jet nozzle; triangular container in place of rear cabin window each side; six heat exchangers under front fuselage.
As Mi-17P but single D-band jamming system able to jam up to eight sources simultaneously over 30degree sector.
As Mi-17P but with H/I-band system for jamming pulse/CW and CW interrupted equipment.
Export version of Mi-8MTV ('Hip-H') (Visotnyi: high altitude); TV3-117VM turboshafts for improved 'hot and high' performance, built by Kazan Helicopter Plant; optional armament, nose radar, flotation gear and firefighting equipment. Civil version designated Mi-8MTV-1, military Mi-8MTV-2; civil export version Mi-8MTV-GA (Grazhdanska Aviatsia).
Kazan-built production model with port side door enlarged from 0.83m to 1.25m; new 0.83m wide starboard sliding door; rear flat ramp with single hydraulic cylinder drive installed on helicopter floor and capable of being lowered to horizontal position in flight, permitting disembarkment of up to 36 troops in 15 seconds. Series production started in 1999. Military equivalent designated Mi-8MTV-5.
First displayed 1989 Paris Air Show; more powerful TV3-117VM turboshafts, each 1,545kW; improved rates of climb and hover ceilings; other weights and performance generally unchanged. Export version of Mi-8AMT.
Proposed long-range version with TV3-117SB3 turboshaft engines and improved main rotor blades; range up to 1,500km.
Export version of Mi-8AMT built at Ulan-Ude.
Version produced for Ministry of Health of former Soviet Union as flying hospital equipped to highest practicable standards for relatively small helicopter; interior, with equipment developed in Hungary, had provision for three stretchers, operating table, extensive surgical and medical equipment, accommodation for doctor/surgeon and three nursing attendants.
As Mi-17M/17V, also from Kazan, but with equipment changes and planned for certification to FAR Pt 29 standards; TV3-117VM Srs 2 engines, giving maximum cruising speed of 218km/h and service ceiling of 6,000m; air conditioning and heating systems, main and tail rotor blade de-icing, canopy demisting and heating of engine air intakes standard; options include flotation gear, Doppler, weather radar, DME, GPS, VOR, ILS, transponder and VIP interiors for seven, nine and 11 passengers. Standard seating for up to 26 passengers. First exhibited at 1994 Singapore Air Show. Seven ordered by Mesco, India, Spring 1995.
Converted from 'Hip-H' in former Czechoslovakia for electronic warfare role; first seen in Czech Air Force service at Dobrany-Line airbase, near Plzen, 1991; each of two examples had a tandem pair of large cylindrical containers mounted each side of cabin; assumed that containers made of dielectric material and contain receivers to locate and analyse hostile electronic emissions; each of two operators' stations in main cabin has large screens, computer-type keyboards and oscilloscope; several blade antennae project from tailboom.
Generally similar to Mi-9; command relay platform variant of Mi-8MT (Mi-17).
Counterpart of Mi-8MTV series built at Ulan-Ude; combat and troop-carrying version with thimble radome on nose and chin-mounted electro-optics pod. Armament includes Igla-V AAM or Shturm-V ASM missile systems, B8V20 rocket pods and GSh-23 gun.
Designation for unarmed version of Mi-8MT used by RFAS, but also applied to some civil (perhaps ex-military)
Designation of standard Mi-17s in RFAS military service. Twin or triple stores racks, but normal armament is 40 x 80mm S-8 rockets in two BV-8-20A packs. Afghan experience led to adoption of nose armour, IR jammer, IR suppressors and provision for door-mounted PKT machine gun (rear starboard) and AGS-17 Plamya grenade launcher or NSV 12.7mm Utyos heavy machine gun (forward port cabin door).
More than 30 EW versions of the Mi-8MT serve with RFAS armed forces, under the designations Mi-8MTSh, Mi-8MTPSh, Mi-8MTU, Mi-8MTA, Mi-8MTP, Mi-8MTPB, Mi-8MTR, Mi-8MTI, Mi-8MTPI and Mi-8MTTs.
Mi-8MTPB (or Mi-17P, Mi-17PP) ('Hip-H EW')
ECM (radar and communications jammer) and comint helicopter, with three jamming systems in D/F band range over 30 degree sector and other frequencies over 120 degrees. Operating time 4 hours. Antenna array more advanced than that of Mi-8PPA ('Hip-K'); large 32-element array, resembling vertically segmented panel, aft of main landing gear each side; four-element array to rear on tailboom each side; large radome each side of cabin, below jet nozzle; triangular container in place of rear cabin window each side; six heat exchangers under front fuselage. (Mi-17P designation used also for civil export versions.) Similar versions include Mi-8MTI (Mi-17 with small horizontal array on forward part of boom and larger box-like radome on cabin side); Mi-8MTTs2 and Mi-8MTTs3 with non-rectangular ('teardrop') radome on cabin sides and less regularly shaped arrays on sides of rear cabin.
(V=visotnyi: high altitude); TV3-117VM turboshaft for improved 'hot and high' operation. Civil version built at Kazan is Mi-8MTV-1; Russian presidential aircraft with new Abvis navigation system is designated Mi-8MTV-1S; missile-armed, radar-equipped military version with six-hardpoint stub-wing is Mi-8MTV-2; export equivalent is Mi-17-1V, with optional armament, nose radar, flotation gear and firefighting equipment. Mi-8MTV-5 is military version with one-piece rear loading ramp: Ulan-Ude equivalent to Kazan Mi-17MD.
Engines: two Isotov TV3-117MT turboshafts, 1400kW / 1,900 shp (with 2,200 shp emergency)
Normal take-off weight: 24,470 lb (11100 kg)
Max take-off weight: 28,660 lb (13 000 kg)
Max useful load: 8,818 lb (4 000 kg)
Max speed: 155 mph (250 km/h)
Max cruise: 149 mph (240 km/h)
Service ceiling: 16,405 ft (5 000 m)
Service ceiling max weight 11,810 ft (3600 m)
Cabin: 812 cu ft (23 cu.m)
Main rotor diam: 69.86 ft (21.294 m)
Overall length: 83.18 ft (25.352 m)
Fuselage length: 60.45 ft (18.424 m)
Hovering ceiling, OGE: 1760m
Engine: 2 x Klimov TV3-117MT
Instant pwr: 1434 kW
Rotor dia: 21.6 m
MTOW: 13,000 kg
Payload: 4000 kg
Max speed: 135 kts
Max cruise: 130 kts
Max range: 495 km
HOGE: 5575 ft
Service ceiling: 16,400 ft
Rotor dia: 69 ft 10 in / 21.6 m
Length overall: 82 ft 10 in
Fuselage length: 59 ft 8 in
Height: 18 ft 7 in
Disc area: 3932 sq.ft
Mil Mi 17 T
Engines: 2 x TW 3-117MT, 1874 shp
Length: 59.744 ft / 18.21 m
Height: 18.537 ft / 5.65 m
Rotor diameter: 69.849 ft / 21.29 m
Max take off weight: 28665.0 lb / 13000.0 kg
Weight empty: 15655.5 lb / 7100.0 kg
Max. speed: 135 kts / 250 km/h
Cruising speed: 119 kts / 220 km/h
Service ceiling: 16404 ft / 5000 m
Range: 594 nm / 1100 km
Fuel capacity: 494 gal / 1870 lt
Payload: 28-32 pax
Engines: 2 x 1545 kW (2070 shp) Klimov (Isotov) TV3-117M turboshaft
Max speed: 135 kts
Max cruise speed: 124 kts
Service ceiling: 18,700 ft
Range with res: 307nm
Range with 2 ext. tanks: 575 nm
Empty equipped Wt: 15,555 lbs
MTOW: 28,660 lbs
Rotor dia: 69 ft 10 in
Length overall: 83 ft 2 in
Fuselage length: 60 ft 6 in
Height: 18 ft 7 in
Disc area: 3932 sq.ft