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Aerospatiale AS.532 Cougar

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AS.532 Horizon

 

Beginning in 1990, Super Pumas were separated in their civilian and militarized forms by the latter taking on the production designation of AS 532 "Cougar" (civilian models still retained their AS 332 designations). The Cougar family now consists of the AS 532MC Mk I (note the "Mk I" mark designation was retroactively applied to previous Super Puma forms) as a Search & Rescue (SAR) platform, the AS 532SC Mk I as a short-fuselage anti-submarine variant, the AS 532U2 Mk II as an unarmed base model, the AS 532A2 Mk II as another Search & Rescue form, the AS 532L2 Mk II featuring a lengthened fuselage for extra seating and extended main rotor blades, and the simplified AS 532 "Cougar 100" with fixed landing gear. Militarized Super Puma/Cougar aircraft can display a broad range of armaments including 7.62mm general purpose cabin-door machine guns (on pintle mountings), 7.62mm gun pods, rocket pods, anti-ship missiles and various makes of air-to-surface missiles.


The AS 532U2 Cougar Mk.2 incorporated new main and tail rotors, a lengthened rear fuselage and four-tube EFIS cockpit display and digital autopilot. Powered by two 1,877 shp (1 400 kW) Turbomeca Makila turboshafts, the standard military AS 532M1 can carry 25 troops while the civil AS 332L1 seats up to 24 passengers.
Versions include the AS.532SC, navalised; AS.532UC, tactical transport; AS.532AC, armed with pod mounted cannon; AS.532UL, tactical transport; and AS.532AL, armed with pod mounted cannon or side firing cannon.


The Horizon system, Helicoptere d'Observation Radar et d'Investigation sur Zone, includes a Cougar AS 532 UL twin-engine helicopter with radar and electronic countermeasures and a ground station. The helicopter surveillance system was originally developed to counter any possible threat by tank fleets of the Warsaw Pact countries. The French Ministry of Defence awarded a development contract to Eurocopter in 1992 initially for two then four AS 532 UL Horizon systems. The first flight of the Horizon Cougar helicopter with the full radar system took place in late 1992. The first AS 532 Horizon was delivered to the French Army in July 1996.
The Swiss Air Force, ordered 27.


The unarmed AS 532 UL is equipped with a long range multi-mode retractable pulse Doppler radar with a rotating antenna carried beneath the fuselage. The radar range is 200km with the helicopter operating at an altitude of 4000m and a cruise speed of 180 km per hour. The radar scans a ground area of 20,000 sq.km over a depth of 200km in 10 seconds and the data is transmitted to a ground station. For moving targets the radar provides a speed resolution of the target of 2 m/second. The cockpit is night vision goggle compatible and a weather radar is fitted. The navigation equipment includes a Decca navigator and flight log with an SFIM model 155 autopilot, inertial navigation and global positioning system.


The engine is fitted with jet efflux diluters and the crew are armour protected. The helicopter is equipped with anti-icing systems.


The AS 532 UL Cougar helicopter is equipped with two Turbomeca Makila 1A1 turboshaft engines with the air intakes protected from debris with a grille. Centrisep multipurpose air intakes are provided for operations in high dust/particulate or desert conditions. Six flexible self-sealing fuel tanks have a capacity of 2,020 litres.

AS.532SC Cougar
Engine: 2 x Turbomeca Makila 1A1    
Instant pwr: 1400 kW
MTOW: 9000 kg                
Payload: 4500 kg
Max speed: 135 kts                
Max range: 800 km
HIGE: 9156 ft                
HOGE: 5413 ft
Crew: 2                
Pax: 2

AS.532U2 Cougar Mk.2
Engines: 2 x Turbomeca Makila 1A2 turboshaft, 1,845shp
Instant pwr: 1570 kW
Length: 51.02ft (15.55m)
Width: 60.01ft (18.29m)
Height: 16.11ft (4.91m)
Empty Weight: 10,902lbs (4,945kg)
Maximum Take-Off Weight: 21,493lbs (9,749kg)
Maximum Speed: 170mph (273kmh; 147kts)
Maximum Range: 494miles (795km)
Rate-of-Climb: 1,260ft/min (384m/min)
Service Ceiling: 13,448ft (4,099m)
HIGE: 8525 ft
HOGE: 4921 ft
Accommodation: 3 + 19
Hardpoints: 2

AS.532UC/AC Cougar
Engine: 2 x Turbomeca Makila 1A1   
Instant pwr: 1400 kW
MTOW: 9350 kg                
Payload: 4670 kg
Max speed: 140 kts                
Max range: 845 km
HIGE: 9196 ft                
HOGE: 5413 ft
Crew: 2                
Pax: 21

AS.532UL/AL Cougar
Engine: 2 x Turbomeca Makila 1A1    
Instant pwr: 1400 kW
MTOW: 9350 kg                
Payload: 4500 kg
Max speed: 140 kts                
Max range: 1245 km
HIGE: 9196 ft                
HOGE: 5415 ft
Crew: 2                
Pax: 25

AS.532 Cougar AEW
Main rotor diameter: 15.60 m                
Fuselage length: 15.53 m
Height: 4.92m                
MTOW: 9000 kg
Cruising speed: 262km/h                
HOGE: 2300 m
Range: 910 km                 
Crew: 4-5

 

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AS532 Cougar

 


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