Grahame-White Type X / Aerobus / Charabanc

 

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The Charabanc was built by the Grahame-White company to meet the demand for passenger-carrying flights, which could not be satisfied by the existing two-seat designs. Designed by J. D. North, it was an unequal-span pusher biplane with ailerons on both upper and lower wings and a biplane tail unit with three rudders mounted on booms. An elongated nacelle mounted on the lower wing housed the pilot in the front and four passengers in two rows of two seats behind. The wing spars, tail booms and outer interplane struts were of hollow section spruce, and the nacelle and inner struts were of ash.
 
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It first flew in 1913 powered by a 120 hp (89 kW) Austro-Daimler engine, and in this form was flown by Louis Noel with seven passengers aboard to set a British world record on 22 September 1913: on 2 October, he set a world record in carrying nine passengers, staying aloft for nearly twenty minutes, obtaining a Royal Aero Club certificate for the record.
 
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Hendon c 1913
 
To meet the entry requirements for the 1913 Michelin Cup, which required an all-British aircraft, the engine was replaced by a British-built 100 hp (75 kW) Green E.6 engine. The Charabanc went on to win the cup, covering a distance of over 300 miles on 9 November 1913 piloted by R.H. Carr.
 
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Fitted with 100 hp Green 6 cyl engine, Grahame-White is here seen in the pilot's seat. 1912
 
The first parachute descent from an aircraft in Great Britain was made by W. Newell from the aircraft at Hendon on 9 May 1914.
 

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Only one was built, and the Type X Charabanc was sold in March 1916 to the Japanese Naval Authorities.
 
Engine: 1 × Green E.6, 100 hp (75 kW)
Wingspan: 62 ft 6 in (19.05 m)
Wing area: 790 ft2 (73.39 m2)
Length: 37 ft 6 in (11.43 m)
Empty weight: 2000 lb (907 kg)
Gross weight: 3100 lb (1406 kg)
Maximum speed: 51 mph (82 km/h)
Cruise speed: 45 mph (72 km/h)
Crew: 1
Capacity: 4 passengers