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The IAR-23 was created in 1934 by the Romanian company Industria Aeronautică Română (IAR) as an attempt to design a next-generation fighter for the Royal Romanian Air Force, but because its low power, it was classified only as a civilian touring aircraft. However, it contained many advanced features for its time, including uniquely designed wings. After the installation of additional fuel tanks, it turned into a long-haul touring plane, with a maximum range of 2300 km.
The sole IAR-23 built was registered YR-IAR. and delivered to Major G. Bănciulescu in September 1934, who undertook several cross-country flights with the aircraft through Europe (from Bucharest to Warsaw, Prague and Vienna). The next year, the IAR-23 was flown to Tel-Aviv and back.
An improved version, the IAR-24 YR-ACI, was created in 1935. It used the same airframe, but had a modernized cockpit and a slightly more powerful engine that yielded a higher cruising speed.
Powerplant: 1 × Hispano-Suiza 9Qa, 253 kW (340 hp)
Wingspan: 12.00 m (39 ft 4 in)
Wing area: 22.30 m2 (240.00 sq ft)
Length: 8.35 m (27 ft 5 in)
Height: 2.70 m (8 ft 10 in)
Empty weight: 980 kg (2,156 lb)
Gross weight: 1,920 kg (4,224 lb)
Maximum speed: 245 km/h (153 mph, 133 kn)
Cruise speed: 215 km/h (134 mph, 116 kn)
Range: 2,300 km (1,437 mi, 1,249 nmi)
Service ceiling: 4,100 m (13,670 ft)
Crew: 2 pilots
Capacity: 4 passengers
Engine: Gnome-Rhone 7 Kd, 350 hp
Wingspan: 12.00 m
Length: 8.35 m
Height: 2.70 m
Wing area: 22.30 sq.m
Empty weight: 1180 kg
Normal takeoff weight: 2030 kg
Maximum speed: 280 km / h
Cruising speed: 230 km / h
Practical range: 2300 km
Rate of climb: 200 m / min
Service ceiling: 4500 m
Crew: 2

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