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Sikorsky S-44 / PBS
After a two-year construction period the Sikorsky XPBS-1 (Model S-44) 9995 first flew on 23 August 1937. Initial testing with 1050 hp engines revealed a top speed of 227 mph. Stability problems traced to turbulence generated by the wings resulted in the addition of dihedral to the horizontal stabilisers. After being delivered to the Navy in October 1937, the XPBS-1 began competitive trials with the Consolidated XPBY2-1 in mid-1938. Consolidated won a construction order and the XPBS-1 was assigned to Patrol Wing 5 at NAS Norfolk, Virginia, to evaluate long-range patrol-bomber operations until shortly after the US entered World War II. In the spring of 1942 the aircraft was reassigned to VR-2 out of California for transport duties between the West Coast and Hawaiian Islands. On 30 June 1942, while returning from Pearl Harbor, the XPBS-1 struck a log in San Francisco Bay and sank. All on board escaped safely, the passengers including Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, Commander of the Pacific Fleet.

Major elements of the design went into the VS-44A.

Engines: four 1200hp P&W Wasp
Wingspan: 124'0"
Length 76'2"
Max speed: 227 mph
Stall: 64 mph
Range: 4030 mi
Ceiling: 20,800'

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