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Yumashiev, Andrei Borisovich
Major General of Aviation Andrei Borisovich Yumashiev.
Andrei Borísovich Yumashiev (Russian: Андрей Борисович Юмашев) Andrei Yumashiev was born in Saint Petersburg on March 31, 1902. He finished art school. He joined the Red Army in 1918. In October 1920 and February 1921 he participated in combat actions on the southern front as a soldier in an artillery division. In 1921 he finished artillery courses in Sevastopol.
In 1923 he finished training at the Yegórievsk Aviation Theoretical-military School and in 1924 the Borisoglebsk Higher Flight School and the Serpukhov Higher School of Air Combat, Shooting and Bombing. He later served in the VVS. Between 1926 and 1927 he worked as an instructor pilot at the Serpukhov school.
Between 1927 and 1937 he worked on the NII VVS as a test pilot. He made the first flight and tests of the Bartini Stal-6 (1933). He ran the state tests of the models of A. N Túpolev I-4 (1927), R-3 (1928), TB-1bis (1929 - 1930), R-7 (1930), R-6 (1931), TB -3 (1933), the Polikarpov I-3 fighter (1928 -1929) and the Bartini Stal-7 transport (1936 - 1937).
At the Third National Flying Competitions in Koebel, held in 1925, one of the best Soviet gliders was the Yu-1 designed and built by Yumashiev. This glider demonstrated staying in the air for an hour and a half and reaching 375 meters in height. These results were national records.
He set six world records (including two as co-pilot): in 1936 two flight weight records in the Tupolev TB-3TB-3 and in 1937 two flight distance records aboard the Túpolev ANT-25 as a crew member of MM Gromov.
Between 1937 and 1941 he worked as a test pilot for the TsAGI. During this period, it made the first flight and tests of the BOK-7 (1939). It participated in the crew tests in preparation for the projected long-range voyage on the BOK-15 (1940).
He participated in the Winter War with Finland. Between January and March 1940 he was appointed substitute for the commander of the 85 bombing regiment, carrying out more than 10 combat sorties. As of March 1941 he went on to serve as a substitute for the head of the LII (MM Gromov), attending the flight section. He participated in the flights of the Yakovlev UT-2 with an air cushion and the Gribosvki G-28 “Krechet”.
He fought in the Great Patriotic War. Between July and August 1941, he led the second independent fighter squadron subordinate to the Moscow Air Defense (PVO). In January and February 1942 he commanded the 237th Fighter Aviation Regiment on the Kalinin Front. Between March and August 1942 he was appointed substitute for the commander of the 3rd Air Army and between August 1942 and February 1943, substitute for the commander of the 1st Air Army. Between March and June 1943 he commanded the 6th Fighter Aviation Corps and between July 1943 and December 1944 he led the PVO of the Western and Southern fronts.
Between 1945 and 1946 he was appointed head of the Directorate of Hunting Aviation of the Main Directorate of Combative Preparation of the VVS. From 1946 it went to the reserve.
Lived in Moscow. In his spare time he devoted himself to painting, forming part of the Union of Painters of the USSR. He died on May 20, 1988. His remains rest in the Bagankovsky Cemetery in Moscow.
Awards and distinctions:
Hero of the Soviet Union (1-09- 1937)
Two Order of Lenin
Five Order of the Red Banner
Order of the Patriotic War 1st rank
Order of the Red Star
He received the De la Vaux medal awarded by the FAI (1937).

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