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Tatin, Victor
Frenchman, Victor Tatin (1843-1913)
Friend of Pénaud, Victor Tatin presents in 1874 to the French Society of Air Navigation, a mechanical bird of very small size with a wingspan of 24cm and a weight of less than 6 g which could walk about twenty meters without impulse of departure.
After numerous tests with wing-wing appliances, some of which were steam-powered, Victor Tatin built a small airplane powered by compressed air, which made its circular flight tests at Chalais-Meudon in 1879.
Victor Tatin (1843-1913) built a model in 1879 with a fuselage that acted as a tank for the compressed air that drove a small engine linked to two tractor propellers.
A series of experiments, tried by an able mechanician, which almost demonstrate that artificial flight is accessible to man, with motors that have been developed within two years. These experiments were carried on by M. V. Tatin, who was then Professor Marey's mechanical assistant.
Continuing his work with Professor Charles Richet, Victor Tatin presents in 1890 a large steam airplane, monoplane 33 kg, a span of 6.6 m, powered by two propellers in tandem. The steam engine weighed 11 kg and gave 1 hp.
This device, which can be seen at the Museum of Air and Space, has a wingspan of one meter ninety and weighs 1.8 kg (with its full tank of air). The tapered tank is formed of a spirally wound steel ribbon fixed by 1300 rivets, it contains the compressed air which feeds an oscillating cylinder actuating by translation two four-blade propellers.



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